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Pre Arrival:  Overview | Location | Charts | Limits   ...
Communications:  Pratique | Pre-Arrival | VHF | VTS/Radar
Berthing Ops:  Tugs | Berths | Mooring
Cargo:  Bulk | Cargo
Pollution:  Ballast | Pollution | Waste | Slops
Facilities:  Medical | Water | Fuel | Chandlery | Services   ...
Security:  Police etc | Emergency | Security | Regs
Local Info:  Time | Weather
Report:  Report


Max. Size:  Bulk:  Displacement 260,000 tonnes, LOA 320 m.
Airport:  Bowen Domestic, 20 km. Proserpine Whitsunday Coast Domestic, 80 km. Brisbane Int'l, 1,000 km.
Abbot Point
Flag of Australia
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Also see General before first Australia port
OVERVIEW:  The port handles coal exports via two berths located at the end of a 2.75 km. long trestle. Coal is currently supplied by train from the Newlands, Collinsville, Sonoma, Goonyella, Blair Athol, Clermont, Lake Vermont, Peak Downs, Caval Ridge and Middlemount mines. The terminal handles approx. 50 million tonnes of coal annually although there are plans to expand the operation.
North Queensland Bulk Ports Corporation (NQBP) is the Port Authority. Adani Abbot Point Terminal Pty Ltd is the lessee and it contracts the operation and maintenance of the terminal to Abbot Point Bulkcoal Pty Ltd (APB), a subsidiary of Glencore.
Also see Developments.
LOCATION:  In the state of Queensland between Townsville and Mackay, approx. 150 km. SE of Townsville and 960 km. NW of Brisbane.
CHARTS:  AUS Charts No. 255, 371, 826, 4060, 4603, 4620 and 4621.
Publications:  BA Australia Pilot, Vol. 3, NP 15.
PORT LIMITS:  Bounded by lines joining the following coordinates:
  1. 19° 55.49′ S, 147° 59.07′ E
  2. 19° 47.91′ S, 147° 59.07′ E
  3. 19° 47.91′ S, 148° 08.07′ E
  4. 19° 58.29′ S, 148° 27.01′ E, then following the western shore of Gloucester Island to
  5. 20° 03.12′ S, 148° 27.43′ E
  6. 20° 03.62′ S, 148° 27.19′ E, then following the shoreline to point of origin.
Also see Plan.
DOCUMENTS:  See General – Documents before first Australia port.
ISPS COMPLIANCE:  Port is compliant. All vessels of 500 g.t. or more must report security information to Port Authority before arrival.
PFSO:  Port Security Officer. T: +61 (7) 4955 8166.
Operations Superintendent. Tel: +61 (7) 4786 4187.
Abbot Point Bulkcoal Pty Ltd:  David Mawhirt. Tel: +61 (7) 4786 0335. david.mawhirt@apt1.com.au
MAX. SIZE:  Bulk:  Displacement 260,000 tonnes, LOA 320 m.
Also see Restrictions.
DENSITY:  1021–1024.
RESTRICTIONS:  Arriving vessels must ensure propeller is fully immersed with maximum trim 2.5 m. by the stern and forward draft not less than 2% of LOA. UKC of (draft x 0.06) + 1.0 m. must be maintained.
Departing vessels are required to use a Dynamic Under Keel Clearance (DUKC) calculation system. Agent will provide Master with a DUKC calculation form which should be completed and returned by email to VTS Townsville and Abbot Point Terminal at least 96 hours before arrival. Failure to submit the form will result in the vessel being rescheduled. DUKC information must be confirmed 3-6 hours before departure.
No restrictions on berthing during hours of darkness; however, timings are at the discretion of Harbour Master with regard to weather conditions. Unberthing in accordance with state of tide and draft.
APPROACHES:  The port is situated in Abbot Bay and may be approached from either the NE or NNW direct from the Inner Route of the Great Barrier Reef.
From the NE: the front lead is situated on Abbot Point and the rear lead on Bald Hill, the leading lights in line bearing 225°(T).
From the NNW: the front lead is situated towards the shore end of the jetty, 315 m. in front of the rear lead on Abbot Point, the leading lights in line bearing 163.6°(T).
Clark Shoal extends for approx. 3.0 n.m. in a NW direction from Abbot Point. Clark Shoal is marked by an east cardinal beacon in approx. position 19° 51.20′ S, 148° 03.82′ E
Min. depth in the approaches to the berths is 17.2 m. (LAT).
PILOTAGE:  Compulsory and available throughout 24 hours. The service is provided by Maritime Safety Queensland, Townsville.
Notification:  Vessels should forward ETA at pilot station 48 hours in advance, amending if necessary. Pilots will usually call vessels on VHF Channel 16 approx. two hours before arrival. Pilotage delay fees may be incurred if vessel arrives later than stated ETA.
Departing and shifting vessels should notify pilots of requirement via Agent 24 hours in advance.
Boarding:  Pilots usually board in position 19° 47.50′ S, 148° 03.50′ E. Pilots require vessel to be making way and providing a good lee during boarding.
Pilot boarding arrangement must be in accordance with SOLAS regulations. Ladder must be rigged approx. 1.5 m. above the waterline with two manropes available. A heaving line should be made ready and at night adequate forward-facing illumination should be in place. If freeboard is 9.0 m. or greater, a combination ladder must be rigged.
On departure, pilots usually disembark in position 19° 47.55′ S, 148° 06.90′ E.
Contact:  Marine Safety Queensland (MSQ) Pilotage Services. T: +61 (7) 4726 0701. msq.townsville.pilots@transport.qld.gov.au
DEEP SEA PILOTAGE:  See Torres Strait.
ANCHORAGES:  Suggested anchorage position is 1.0 n.m. to seaward of the pilot boarding ground, remaining outside port limits. Least depth 23 m. Ships at anchor must maintain a listening watch on VHF Channels 12 and 16.
PRATIQUE:  Abbot Point is a proclaimed Australian first port of entry and therefore all vessels arriving from overseas are required to give prescribed information regarding the pratique status of the vessel, to the Maritime National Coordination Centre (MNCC). Masters are required to complete a Pre-Arrival Report for Vessels (QPAR) and submit it to the MNCC by email. Further information will be provided by Agent including specifics of QPAR.
The report must be submitted not less than 12 hours, and no more than 96 hours, before the vessel's ETA. When forwarded to the MNCC, the information will be assessed by a Quarantine Officer. Should the information be satisfactory, Quarantine Approval to Berth (ATB) will be issued to vessel via Agent. ATB will detail quarantine directions placed on the vessel.
Contact:  MNCC. T: +61 (8) 8201 6185. MaritimeNCC@agriculture.gov.au
Department of Agriculture, Townsville. T: +61 (7) 4789 7888. F: +61 (7) 4789 7821. www.agriculture.gov.au
PRE-ARRIVAL INFORMATION:  Application to Berth (ATB) form should be sent to Abbot Point Terminal and a QShips entry by the Agent should be received at least seven days but no later than 48 hours before vessel's estimated pilot boarding time, or estimated arrival time in channel for pilot exempt vessels. Agent will send a blank ATB to the vessel 7–10 days before arrival, ensuring up-to-date documents are always used.
For latest information on berthing applications, contact the Agent or APB. Tel: +61 (7) 4786 0300. apbcoalshipping@apt1.com.au
For changes to arrival schedule contact VTS.
ETA Notice:  ETA to be emailed to apbcoalshipping@apt1.com.au giving the following information at least 10 days before arrival:
  1. name of vessel
  2. type of vessel (if OBO confirm that vessel is gas free)
  3. ETA
  4. total cargo quantity required (subject to C/P requirements and allowances)
  5. hatch loading sequence, pour by pour.
  1. To avoid delays to berthing and tug cancellations, it is important that all adjustments to ETA are advised to all parties.
  2. All hatches should be clean/dry and opened before berthing.
  3. Hatch covers are to be clearly numbered, for easy identification. No responsibility is attached to shore loading personnel if there is any infringement of this requirement.
  4. All loading is expressed in metric tonnes of 1,000 kg.
For the latest information on arrival notices, contact the Agent or APB. Tel: +61 (7) 4786 0300. apbcoalshipping@apt1.com.au
  • 48 hours before arrival at the pilot boarding ground, arrival information is to be submitted to RHM via QShips website https://qships.tmr.qld.gov.au/webx
  • 48 hours before arrival a Dangerous Goods Declaration Form must be lodged with Regional Harbour Master (RHM) and North Queensland Bulk Ports Corporation Ltd (NQBP), and also advising gas-free status for tankers.
  • Vessels arriving from overseas must submit the relevant Customs and Immigration documentation to Australian Border Force (ABF), 96 hours before arrival at the pilot boarding ground. If the voyage from the last port is less than 48 hours, then the documentation must be submitted at least 24 hours before arrival. All forms available from Department of Immigration and Border Protection www.border.gov.au
  • 48 hours before arrival, Agent, owner or Master to submit an Arrival Report to RHM. Report is contained in Port Procedures and Information for Shipping – Port of Abbot Point , and obtainable from www.msq.qld.gov.au/
  • Department of Agriculture, via Maritime Arrivals Reporting System (MARS), requires vessels from overseas to submit relevant quarantine documentation no more than 96 hours and no less than 12 hours before arrival.
  • 24 and 2 hours before arrival, an updated ETA to be submitted to RHM via QShips.
Regional Harbour Master Townsville. Tel: +61 (7) 4726 3400. Fax: +61 (7) 4721 2028. RHMTownsville@msq.qld.gov.au
NQBP Duty Officer. Tel: +61 (7) 4955 5107.
Australian Maritime Safety Authority (AMSA). T: +61 (7) 4957 6644, (2) 6230 6811. Fax: +61 (7) 4957 8450. www.amsa.gov.au/
Also see Pratique.
VHF:  Reef VTS (Mackay Region) and Abbot Point VTS work on Channel 14 and 12 respectively. Pilots and tugs listen on Channel 16 and work on Channels 6, 8 and 12.
VTS/RADAR:  VTS Abbot Point:  Operator:  VTS Townsville. Tel: +61 (7) 4726 3600. Fax: +61 (7) 4721 0633. vtstownsville@msq.qld.gov.au www.msq.qld.gov.au/
Facilities:  VTS centre is operated by Maritime Safety Queensland, situated at the Regional Harbour Master's office in Townsville. Centre's call sign, ``Abbot Point VTS'', should be contacted in relation to ship traffic scheduling, pollution incidents and reporting defective navigation aids. Operational throughout 24 hours.
Abbott Point VTS works on VHF channel 14.
Reef VTS:  The following categories of ships must report to REEFVTS:
  1. all ships of LOA 50 m. or more
  2. all oil tankers, liquefied gas carriers, chemical tankers or ships coming within the INF Code, including those with an LOA less than 50 m.
  3. ships which are towing or pushing, or being towed or pushed, where either of the ships belongs to category a) or b), or where LOA of the tow is 150 m. or more.
Contact:  VTS Manager. reefvts@msq.qld.gov.au REEFVTS Mackay Region works on VHF Channel 14.
Coverage extends out to the entrance of the Hydrographers Passage and north–south along the coast.
TUGS:  Available; however, tugs are brought in from Bowen taking a minimum of 2.5 hours and sometimes longer and Masters are advised to provide sufficient notice of requirements. Masters should also be aware potential delays in tugs arriving should weather be forecast to deteriorate. There are three ASD tugs available; 1×65 and 2×82 tonne BP.
Tugs are ordered by Agent via QShips. Tug bookings are accepted via Bowen Towage Services. Amendments to bookings should be made by telephone.
Operator:  Bowen Towage Services Pty Ltd (Svitzer Australasia). T: +61 1300 662377 (24 hours, Operations Centre). M: +61 438 470 775 (after hours). Fax: +61 (7) 4955 5498. nthqld.controllers@svitzer.com
Berth Length Depth 1 Displacement LOA Cargo
No. (m.) (m.) (tonnes) (m.)
1 264 19.1 198,000 300 Steam coal, coking coal
2 250 19.0 260,000 320 Steam coal, coking coal
The berths are located at the end of a 2,750 m. trestle, both aligned 109–289°(T). Berth pockets measure 512×70 m. at Berth No. 1 and 410×70 m. at Berth No. 2. Both berths comprise seven breasting dolphins equipped with Bridgestone energy absorbing cell-type runner fenders, covering 0.9–7.5 m. (CD) at Berth No. 1 and -0.26–8.05 m. (CD) at Berth No. 2.
MOORING:  There are no mooring boats available.
BULK FACILITIES:  The port handles coal exports from the Newlands, Collinsville, Sonoma, Goonyella, Blair Athol, Clermont, Lake Vermont, Peak Downs, Caval Ridge and Middlemount mines. Facilities comprise a T-head jetty at the end of a 2,900 m. pier with two berths, a conveyor system, coal stockpiling areas and a railway discharge facility.
Each berth is equipped with a rail-mounted gantry shiploader. Coal is loaded at 5,500 tonnes/hr. at Berth No. 1 and 7,900 tonnes/hr. at Berth No. 2. Outreach of the shiploaders is 34 m. from the fenders and clearance under the booms is 27.5 m.
CARGO OPERATIONS:  Coal arrives on trains of up to 6,880 tonnes at a time, coal is unloaded through a bottom-dump receiver system. The storage areas are served by rail-mounted stacker reclaimers with handling capacity of 4,000-6,000 tonnes/hr. A conveyor system links the storage area to the berths. Due to the length of the conveyor system, vessels should be aware that when requesting completion of loading approx. 3,000 tonnes of coal will be on the conveyor which must be run off onto the ship. On completion of loading vessels are required to depart the berth at first available tidal window. Loaded tonnage is calculated by independent draft survey.
Cargo Characteristics:  Angle of repose is 35-50° for steam coal and 33° for coking coal. Stowage factor depends on the mine of origin, as follows:
Mine Steam Coal Coking Coal
(Cu.m./tonne) (Cu.m./tonne)
Newlands/Collinsville 1.110 1.140
Sonoma 1.050 1.130
Blair Athol/Clermont 1.161 1.130
Lake Vermont 1.133 1.133
Middlemount 1.120 1.120
Peak Downs/Goonyella/Caval Ridge 1.130
Contact Agent or terminal for further information on cargo.
BALLAST:  Vessels with ballast water loaded in locations regarded as high risk for the introduction of marine species will be required to conduct a total ballast water exchange mid-ocean.
POLLUTION:  NQBP provides trained personnel, equipment and vessels to complete the clean up of hydrocarbon spills. Trained staff will initiate a first strike response to prevent/minimise any damage to the environment. Ships must ensure all measures are taken to prevent the release of hydrocarbons into the environment.
In the event of an oil spill, immediately notify RHM Townsville. T: +61 1300 721263. NQBP staff should also be notified T: +61 (7) 4955 8165. M: +61 4085 8169. If the incident takes place outside normal office hours, a 24-hour line is available. T: +61 (7) 4955 8171.
WASTE DISPOSAL:  Not available.
SLOPS DISPOSAL:  Not available.
MEDICAL:  Notice not usually required unless urgent assistance needed. Full facilities available in Townsville, 160 km.
Townsville Hospital. Tel: +61 (7) 4746 1111. www.health.qld.gov.au/
FRESH WATER:  Not available.
FUEL:  There are no bunkering services available.
CHANDLERY:  Provisions available on request.
SERVICES:  Electrical Power:  No shore power connection available.
Also see Repairs.
DRYDOCKS:  See Brisbane and Sydney.
REPAIRS:  Engines must not be immobilised whilst alongside. Vessels intending to immobilise engines while at anchor must obtain permission from the Regional Harbour Master.
Any vessel requiring repairs must advise the Agent well before arrival at Abbot Point. Due to the remote location of Abbot Point, port's absence of vessel repair facilities and services and the port's security and safety standards, it is recommended that any repairs are conducted off Townsville port.
POLICE/AMBULANCE/FIRE:  Emergency Tel: 000.
  • Abbot Point VTS. VHF Channels 16, 14 and 13. Tel: 1300 721263.
  • NQBP Abbot Point Control. Tel: +61 (7) 4786 0327. Internal line Tel: 327.
  • NQBP Duty Officer. Tel: +61 (7) 4955 5107.
  • Australian Maritime Safety Authority (AMSA). Tel: +61 (7) 4957 6644, (2) 6230 6811. Fax: +61 (7) 4957 8450. www.amsa.gov.au/
SECURITY/GANGWAY:  Safe access is usually by vessel’s accommodation ladder provided it complies with one of the following criteria:
  1. The accommodation ladder is fitted with a mechanical or power-assisted slewing facility that permits the landing of the ladder on a solid base 4.5 m. from the fender line (vessels are usually berthed starboard side to).
  2. The accommodation ladder is fitted with a class approved and certified gangway fall prevention arrangement.
  3. The accommodation ladder has been designed and certified to provide its SWL while suspended; without being landed on a solid wharf edge.
Accommodation ladder and associated equipment will be closely inspected on arrival.
Should the vessel meet one of the above criteria the first available berth can be used. If the vessel is unable to meet any of the criteria, it will be required to use Berth No. 2 which may cause a delay. Berth No. 2 is fitted with a wharf-mounted access ladder and a shiploader-mounted access ladder, one of which will be used.
Ship’s crew are adequate for security duties.
REGULATIONS:  Port Procedures and Information for Shipping – Port of Abbot Point is obtainable from www.msq.qld.gov.au/
Port of Abbot Point Rules obtainable at www.nqbp.com.au/
TIME:  GMT plus 10 hours.
WEATHER/TIDES:  The prevailing SE’ly winds can be strong at times, making berthing difficult. In such cases, Master, pilot, tug masters and berth operator will liaise to decide whether berthing should be attempted. Weather conditions do not normally affect unberthing.
The port may be affected by tropical cyclones during the summer months. The Regional Harbour Master (Townsville), pilot and berth operator will decide whether operations should be suspended if a cyclone is forecast.
The tidal flows are approximately parallel to the wharf with the ebb flowing at 300°(T) and the flood at 120°(T), with rates up to 2 knots. The mean spring tide range is 2.02 m. and the mean neap tide range is 0.78 m. Height of tide above datum (LAT) as follows:
(m.) (m.) (m.) (m.) (m.) (m.) (m.) (m.)
3.60 2.69 2.07 1.72 1.62 1.29 0.67 0.00
TELEPHONES:  Provided on berthing. Mobile telephone coverage provided, GSM 900/1800 and 3G 2100.
NEAREST AIRPORT:  Bowen Domestic, 20 km. Proserpine Whitsunday Coast Domestic, 80 km. Brisbane Int'l, 1,000 km.
CONNECTIONS:  The terminal is accessed by a 12.0 km. private road (owned by NQBP) from the Bruce Highway, and by a dedicated rail line. Coal is transported by rail to the terminal, with the line terminating in a single rail loop.
A limited number of domestic air services to Brisbane available from Whitsunday Coastal Airport (PPP), Proserpine, to the south of Abbot Point.
SHORE LEAVE:  Allowed, Agent can arrange bus to Bowen (25 km.).
Restrictions:  Access to the wharf and the loading plant is restricted. Persons requiring access, including crew members or visitors, must wear safety hard hats, safety shoes and adequate eye protection, as well as comply with all safety regulations. APB is not responsible for accidents happening to personnel who use their wharf gangway.
Pedestrian access along the wharf approach is not permitted. Special authorisation is required for private vehicles and visitors within the port for wharf access. Access to the remainder of the port site is strictly forbidden.
REPATRIATION:  Repatriation can be arranged by the Agent.
IDENTIFICATION CARDS:  Only authorised persons may enter the terminal. Australia has introduced the Maritime Security Identification Card (MSIC) for the port and maritime industry which must be worn by every person entering a restricted zone. Visitor will be issued with a visitor's pass.
SEAMAN'S CLUBS:  The nearest seaman's club is in Townsville. T: +61 (7) 4772 2774. F: +61 (7) 4772 2774. seafarers.tsv@beyond.net.au
DEVELOPMENTS:  The port is currently being considered for a number of developments including the construction of new coal terminals (Abbot Point Terminals No. 0 and 3) and the construction of a new Multi Cargo Facility (MCF).
Terminal No. 0:  Adani group has signed a memorandum of understanding with POSCO to build a new terminal to handle the export of coal. The terminal will have a capacity of 14 million tonnes per annum, extended to 70 million tonnes per annum as part of a second phase.
Terminal No. 3:  NQBP is to develop coal terminals T2 and T3. Preferred developers, Hancock Coal Limited and BHP Billiton Limited, are currently working with NQBP to enter into a Framework Agreement to progress the project, and are finalising preliminary design and environmental studies.
AUTHORITY:  Corporate Office:  North Queensland Bulk Ports Corporation Ltd, CML Building, 24th Floor, 300 Queen Street, Brisbane, Queensland 4001, Australia. T: +61 (7) 3224 7088, 3224 8863. F: +61 (7) 3224 7234. info@nqbp.com.au www.nqbp.com.au Contact: NQBP Duty Officer. T: +61 (7) 4955 5107 (24 hours).
Terminal Operator:  Abbot Point Bulkcoal Pty Ltd, Abbot Point via Bowen, PO Box 207, Bowen, Queensland 4805, Australia. T: +61 (7) 4786 0300. F: +61 (7) 4786 0305. apbcoalshipping@apt1.com.au www.glencore.com.au Contact: Duty Supervisor. T: +61 (7) 4786 0330. M: +61 438 699 075.
Region Office, Townsville:  Maritime Safety Queensland, PO Box 1921, Townsville, Queensland 4810, Australia. T: +61 (7) 4421 8100. F: +61 (7) 4721 2028. msqmail@msq.qld.gov.au www.msq.qld.gov.au Contact: Regional Harbour Master. RHMtownsville@msq.qld.gov.au