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Understanding tanker ports

Posted: 11th January 2017

Tanker vessels (including gas carriers, crude oil carriers, product tankers, chemical tankers) carry a range of liquid bulk cargoes including crude oil, petroleum products, liquefied gas, chemicals, vegetable oils, molasses, fresh water and wine.

As an essential part of the energy supply chain, tankers carrying hazardous cargoes such as LNG, LPG, refined oil products and crude are highly regulated due to the volatile nature of these cargoes, and their potential environmental impact. When loading and unloading these cargoes, vessels have specific requirements to ensure its safe and effective delivery. 

Tanker Vessels visiting a port can encounter problems including:

  • what documentation is required when visiting a port
  • the process for closing channels when vessel is transiting
  • the port's under-keel clearance requirements, transit time restrictions and tug support requirements
  • where to load and unload the cargo
  • what is required of the vessel by the Port Authority
  • details of the berth layout, allowing for the planning of safe mooring operations.

Shipping Operators can encounter problems including:

  • the limitations and requirements for bringing ships into and out of port
  • what handling facilities are available for specialised products (pressure/temperature limits etc)
  • what infrastructure is available to support their vessels
  • a port's processing requirements
  • a port's ship handling process
  • manifold sizes and pumping rates
  • berth dimensions and maximum vessel size handled
  • which vessel types can be safely accomodated at each port
  • safety guidlines including towage, mooring and emergency procedures.
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