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Mexico Flag of Mexico

Pre Arrival:  Charts | Documents
Communications:  Pratique
Local Info:  Time | Holidays | Weather
Shore:  Telephones | Customs
Crew:  Leave | ID Cards
Misc:  General | Authority
General Information for Mexico
Capital City: Mexico City.
Nationality: (noun) Mexican, (adjective) Mexican.
Population: 111,211,789.
International Direct Dial Code: 52.
Number of Internal Airports: 246.
Major Languages Spoken: Spanish only 92.7%, Spanish and indigenous languages 5.7%, indigenous only 0.8%, unspecified 0.8%; note - indigenous languages include various Mayan, Nahuatl, and other regional languages (2005).
Currency: 1 Mexican Peso (MXN) of 100 Centavos.
Exchange Rates:  (as of October 2017)
USD 1.00 = MXN 18.22
MXN 1.00 = USD 0.05
Exchange rates under licence from XE.com
Main Industries: Food and beverages, tobacco, chemicals, iron and steel, petroleum, mining, textiles, clothing, motor vehicles, consumer durables and tourism.
Territorial Sea: 12 n.m.
Other Maritime Claims: Contiguous Zone: 24 n.m. Continental Shelf: 200 n.m. or to the edge of the continental margin. Exclusive Economic Zone: 200 n.m.
Coastline Extent: 9,330 km.
Climate: Varies from tropical to desert.
Natural Resources: Petroleum, silver, copper, gold, lead, zinc, natural gas and timber.
Natural Hazards: Tsunamis along the Pacific coast, volcanoes and destructive earthquakes in the centre and south, and hurricanes on the Pacific, Gulf of Mexico, and Caribbean coasts.
Terrain: High, rugged mountains; low coastal plains; high plateaus; desert.
Average Temperatures: 
Month High Low
January 19° C 6° C
June 24° C 12° C
September 22° C 11° C
CHARTS:  Charts and nautical publications available from Direccion General Adjunta de Oceanografia, Hidrografia y Meteorologia (DIGAOHM), the hydrographic section of the Mexican Navy.
DOCUMENTS:  Individual ports operate a Sistema Puerto Sin Papeles (PSP), a web-based system for the submission of pre-arrival information and documentation. Access to the port’s PSP is possible through its website, and is available to registered users only.
Port PSP Website
Altamira psp.puertoaltamira.com.mx/php/ser/?tCodSeccion=01.03
Dos Bocas sop.puertocoatzacoalcos.com.mx:8081/SOP3/
Coatzacoalcos www.mediport.com.mx
Ensenada psp.puertoensenada.com.mx/apl/sist/sist-inse/inicio-de-sesion/
Guaymas sop.puertodeguaymas.com.mx/sop/
Lazaro Cardenas sop.apilazaro.com.mx/sop/
Manzanillo www.puertosinpapeles.com.mx/php/ser/?tCodSeccion=1.1
Mazatlan www.mediport.com.mx
Progreso www.sparp.com.mx/sparp/Default.aspx
Puerto Madero www.puertochiapas.com.mx/sop_/
Puerto Vallarta www.puertodevallarta.com.mx/sop/
Salina Cruz www.apisalinacruz.com.mx:8088/sop/
Tampico www.mediport.com.mx
Topolobampo www.puertotopolobampo.com.mx/sop/
Tuxpan sop.puertotuxpan.com.mx/
Veracruz www.mediport.com.mx
PRATIQUE:  The Pan American Sanitary Code:  Established by the signatory governments of Argentina, Brazil, Chile, Colombia, Costa Rica, Cuba, Dominican Republic, El Salvador, Guatemala, Haiti, Honduras, Mexico, Panama, Paraguay, Peru, United States of America, Uruguay, and Venezuela, being desirous of entering into a sanitary convention for the purpose of better promoting and protecting the public health of their respective nations, and particularly to the end that effective cooperative international measures may be applied for the prevention of the international spread of the communicable infections of human beings and to facilitate international commerce and communication.
Full details available from the Pan American Health Organization website. www.paho.org/
Bills of Health: 
  1. The Master of any vessel or aircraft which proceeds to a port of any of the signatory governments is required to obtain at the port of departure and ports of call, a Bill of Health, in duplicate, issued in accordance with the information set forth in the appendix and adopted as the standard Bill of Health.
  2. The Bill of Health will be accompanied by a list of the passengers, and stowaways, if any, which shall indicate the port where they embarked and the port to which they are destined, and a list of the crew.
  3. Consuls and other officials signing or countersigning Bills of Health should keep themselves accurately informed with respect to the sanitary conditions of the ports, and the manner in which this code is obeyed by vessels and their passengers and crews while therein. They should have accurate knowledge of local mortality and morbidity, and of sanitary conditions which may affect vessels in port. To this end, they shall be furnished with any information they request pertaining to sanitary records, harbours, and vessels.
  4. The signatory governments may assign medical or sanitary officers as public health attaches to embassies or legations, and as representatives to international conferences.
  5. If at the port of departure there is no consul or consular agent of the country of destination, the Bill of Health may be issued by the consul or consular agent of a friendly government authorised to issue such Bill of Health.
  6. The Bill of Health should be issued not to exceed 48 hours before the departure of the ship to which it is issued. The sanitary visa should not be given more than 24 hours before departure.
  7. Any erasure or alteration of a Bill of Health shall invalidate the document, unless such alteration or erasure shall be made by competent authority, and notation thereof appropriately made.
  8. A clean Bill of Health is one which shows the complete absence in the port of departure of cholera, yellow fever, plague, typhus fever, or of other pestilential disease in severe epidemic form, liable to be transported by international commerce. Provided that the presence only of bona fide imported cases of such disease, when properly isolated, shall not compel the issuance of a foul Bill of Health, but notation of the presence of such cases will be made under the heading of ``Remarks'' on the Bill of Health.
  9. A foul Bill of Health is one which shows the presence of non-imported cases of any of the diseases referred to in 8. above.
  10. Specific Bills of Health are not required of vessels which, by reason of accident, storm or other emergency condition, including wireless change of itinerary, are obliged to put into ports other than their original destinations, but such vessels shall be required to exhibit such Bills of Health as they possess.
  11. It shall be the duty of the Pan American Sanitary Bureau to publish appropriate information which may be distributed by port health officers, for the purpose of instructing owners, agents, and Masters of vessels as to the methods which should be put in force by them for the prevention of the international spread of disease.
Other Sanitary Documents:  Every vessel, carrying a medical officer, will maintain a sanitary log which will be kept by him, and he will record therein daily: the sanitary condition of the vessel, and its passengers and crew; a record showing the names of passengers and crew which have been vaccinated by him; name, age, nationality, home address, occupation and nature of illness or injury of all passengers and crew treated during the voyage; the source and sanitary quality of the drinking water of the vessel, the place where taken on board, and the method in use on board for its purification; sanitary conditions observed in ports visited during the voyage; the measures taken to prevent the ingress and egress of rodents to and from the vessel; and the measures which have been taken to protect the passengers and crew against mosquitoes, other insects, and vermin. The sanitary log will be signed by the Master and medical officer of the vessel, and will be exhibited upon the request of any sanitary or consular officer.
In the absence of a medical officer, the Master shall record the above information in the log of the vessel, insofar as possible.
Equal or similar forms for Quarantine Declarations, Certificates of Fumigation, and Certificates of Vaccination, set forth in the appendix (not reproduced), are hereby adopted as standard forms.
TIME:  Eastern Standard Time Zone: GMT minus 5 hrs. throughout; daylight saving time not observed. The state of Quintana Roo is the only state in Mexico to observe Eastern Standard Time.
Central Time Zone: GMT minus 6 hrs. in winter, GMT minus 5 hrs. in summer. The following states are included in the Central Time Zone Aguascalientes, Campeche, Chiapas, Coahuila, Colima, Distrito Federal, Durango, Guanajuato, Guerrero, Hidalgo, Jalisco, Mexico, Michoacan, Morelos, Nuevo Leon, Oaxaca, Puebla, Queretaro, San Luis Potosi, Tabasco, Tamaulipas, Tlaxcala, Veracruz, Yucatan, and Zacatecas.
Mountain Time Zone: GMT minus 7 hrs. in winter, GMT minus 6 hrs. in summer. The following states are included in the Mountain Time Zone Baja California Sur, Chihuahua, Nayarit, Sinaloa and Sonora 1. The state of Sonora GMT minus 7 hrs. all year.
Pacific Time Zone: GMT minus 8 hrs. in winter, GMT minus 7 hrs. in summer. Baja California Norte and Guadalupe are included in the Pacific Time Zone.
1 Daylight saving time not observed.
HOLIDAYS:  1 January (New Year's Day); 6 January (Three King's Day); 5 February (Dia de la Constitucion); 21 March (Natalicio de Benito Juarez); Maundy Thursday; Good Friday; Easter Sunday; 1 May (Labour Day); 5 May (Cinco de Mayo); 16 September (Mexican Independence Day); 12 October; 1–2 November (Day of the Dead); 20 November (Revolution Day); 12 December (Our Lady of Guadalupe's Day); 24 December (Christmas Eve); 25 December (Christmas Day).
WEATHER/TIDES:  The hurricane season in Mexico normally runs from June to November and can affect both the Pacific and Atlantic coasts. Monitor local and international weather updates from the US National Hurricane Center. www.nhc.noaa.gov/
Also see General
TELEPHONES:  Telephone numbers in Mexico are made of ten digits with either two-digit or three-digit area codes
The following prefixes are used when making a telephone call in Mexico:
Prefix Use Format
00 International direct dialling 00 + CC + AC + PN
01 Domestic direct dialling 01 + AC + PN
02 Domestic operator dialling 02 + AC + PN
09 International operator dialling 09 + CC + AC + PN
044 Local mobile from a land line 044 + AC + PN
Mobile to mobile (local and national) AC + PN
045 National mobile from a land line 045 + AC + PN
CC - Country code
AC - Area code
PN - Phone number
To reach a Mexican telephone number from another country, you must dial the international access code of the country you are calling from, followed by the national code for Mexico (52) + area code + phone number.
To call a Mexican registered mobile telephone from outside Mexico, you must dial the international access code of the country you are calling from, followed by the national code for Mexico (52) + 1 + area code + phone number; the prefix 044 or 045 is omitted.
CUSTOMS:  Contact details of local maritime Customs available at www.aduanas.gob.mx/aduana_mexico/2010/mapa/nuevo_mapa.htm
Also see General
SHORE LEAVE:  Street crime in Mexico is a serious problem throughout all the major cities, including in the tourist resort areas. Dress down and avoid wearing expensive jewellery or watches. Be particularly alert on public transport, at airports, bus stations and tourist sites. Passengers have been robbed and/or assaulted by unlicensed taxi drivers, particularly in Mexico City. At airports, use only authorised prepaid airport taxi services.
Theft on buses is also common; only use them during daylight hours and then only first-class buses if possible. You should stay alert and keep an eye on your belongings when travelling by bus.
Exercise caution when withdrawing money from ATMs or exchanging money at a Bureau de Change; it is safer to use ATMs only during daylight hours and inside shops or malls. Avoid ATMs when they are being refilled, as there has been an increase in the number of armed robberies during these transactions. You are advised to limit the amount of cash or credit/debit cards you carry with you, given the risk of theft and/or “express kidnapping” (where victims are required to withdraw money from a cash point in order to obtain their release).
Be wary of persons presenting themselves as police officers attempting to fine or arrest you for no apparent reason. There have been instances of visitors becoming victims of theft, extortion or sexual assault by persons who may or may not be police officers. When in doubt, ask for identification and if possible note the officer's name, badge number, and patrol car number.
Exercise caution when accepting food, drinks or rides from strangers. Do not leave your food and drinks unattended in bars and restaurants. Cases of travellers being robbed or assaulted after being drugged have been reported.
Serious Violence:  Drug-related violence in Mexico has increased over recent years.
Drug-related violence is concentrated in specific areas in Mexico and some regions are almost completely spared. Many fatalities are suspected gang members killed in turf wars between the different organisations that compete for control of trafficking routes into the US. Drug-related violence is a particular problem in the states of Baja California (Norte), Chihuahua, Coahuila, Durango, Guerrero, Jalisco, Michoacan, Nayarit, Nuevo Leon, Sinaloa, Sonora, and Tamaulipas. There has been an increase over the past 12 months in the number of crimes, murders, firefights and roadblocks linked to drug turf wars, including in areas away from the US border. The security situation is fluid and armed clashes between security forces and drug groups are commonplace in certain areas, and can occur at any time without warning.
Also see General
IDENTIFICATION CARDS:  The police sometimes ask foreigners to show some form of identification. You may wish to carry photocopies of the relevant pages of your passport and important documents and leave the originals in a safe place.
Also see General
GENERAL:  Information obtained from UK Foreign & Commonwealth Office website. Updates available from www.gov.uk/fco/
AUTHORITY:  Secretaria de Comunicaciones y Transportes, Direccion General de Puertos, Boulevard Adolfo Lopez Mateos, No. 119, Piso 7, Col Los Alpes Tlacopac, Deleg Alvaro Obregon, CP 01010 Mexico, Distrito Federal, Mexico. http://www.sct.gob.mx