Home > Country

Denmark Flag of Denmark

Pre Arrival:  Charts | Docs
Arrival:  Approach | Pilots | DS Pilots
Communications:  Pratique | VTS/Radar
Pollution:  Pollution | Waste | Slops
Security:  Emergency | Regs
Local Info:  Time | Holidays
Shore:  Consuls | Customs
Misc:  Authority
General Information for Denmark
Capital City: Copenhagen.
Nationality: (noun) Dane, (adjective) Danish.
Population: 5,500,510.
International Direct Dial Code: 45.
Number of Internal Airports: 28.
Major Languages Spoken: Danish, Faroese, Greenlandic (an Inuit dialect), German (small minority).
Currency: 1 Danish Krone (DKK) of 100 Oere.
Main Industries: Iron, steel, nonferrous metals, chemicals, food processing, machinery and transportation equipment, textiles and clothing, electronics, construction, furniture and other wood products, shipbuilding and refurbishment, windmills, pharmaceuticals and medical equipment.
Territorial Sea: 12 n.m.
Other Maritime Claims: Contiguous Zone: 24 n.m. Continental Shelf: 200 m depth or to the depth of exploitation. Exclusive Economic Zone: 200 n.m.
Coastline Extent: 7,314 km.
Climate: Temperate; humid and overcast; mild, windy winters and cool summers.
Natural Resources: Petroleum, natural gas, fish, salt, limestone, chalk, stone and gravel and sand.
Natural Hazards: Flooding is a threat in some areas of the country (e.g., parts of Jutland, along the southern coast of the island of Lolland) that are protected from the sea by a system of dikes.
Terrain: Low and flat to gently rolling plains.
Average Temperatures: 
Month High Low
January 2° C -1° C
June 18° C 10° C
September 18° C 10° C
CHARTS:  Nautical charts and publications produced by the Danish Geodata Agency of the Danish Ministry of the Environment.
Chart index available online at www.danskehavnelods.dk/ T: +45 7254 5000. gst@gst.dk
DOCUMENTS:  Pre-arrival information and notifications can be submitted via the Danish single window system SafeSeaNet. Access is available to registered users at www.nsw.safeseanet.dk
APPROACHES:  Traffic Separation Schemes:  In accordance with IMO regulations, Denmark has agreed to monitor and report vessels, which do not comply with the rules for sailing in or near TSS (Rule 10 of the Collision Regulations).
    In Danish waters TSSs have been established in the following locations: 
  1. Great Belt North – Hatter
  2. Great Belt South – Osterrenden (eastern bridge)
  3. Femer Belt - south of Gedser (Kadetrenden)
  4. Sound North – Helsingor/Helsingborg
  5. Sound South – Falsterbo
  6. north of Bornholm – Hammergat.
Ice Service:  The Ministry of Defense, which through subordinate authorities also carries out assignments for the civil society, has the overall responsibility for the Danish Ice Service. The Ice Service activities include ice reporting, ice breaking and icing warnings. In Denmark, it is Admiral Danish Fleet, which is the authority responsible for the Ice Service. The Ice service is collocated with the Maritime Assistance Service and the Joint Rescue Coordination Center in Arhus.
Ice Breaking:  Ice breaking in Danish waters is generally open for competition, and therefore shipping is responsible for contacting and paying for the requested ice breaking capacity.
Within special appointed areas, named response areas, the Danish Ice Service maintains the possibility to activate icebreaker assistance to shipping from 15 December to 31 March.
    Four specific response areas are established as follows: 
  1. Limfjord west of Aalborg
  2. Limfjord between Aalborg and Hals Barre
  3. the waters south of Funen
  4. Smaalandsfarvandet (waters south of Zealand)
Ships bound for a port in an activated response area must, in due time, report expected time of arrival to the Danish Ice Service, which will coordinate with the icebreaker in the response area.
Contact:  Admiral Danish Fleet. T: +45 7285 0371. mas@sok.dk
PILOTAGE:  Pilot ordering should take place through DanPilot or another private pilotage service provider and not through the Danish Pilotage Authority.
    Pilotage is compulsory for the following vessels entering Danish internal and external waters and destined for a Danish port, reloading to or from another vessel in Danish territorial waters, or requiring to anchor in Danish territorial waters: 
  1. are carrying oil or have uncleaned cargo tanks that have not been rendered safe with inert gas
  2. are carrying chemicals
  3. are carrying gases
  4. have more than 5,000 tonnes bunker oil on board, or
  5. are carrying highly radioactive material.
Pilotage is compulsory for certain towing and towed vessels navigating in dredged channels or marked navigation channels, into or when passing harbours or pilot stations. If the towed vessel is unmanned, or if the vessel is not under its own power, the towing vessel must take on a pilot.
    Exemption can apply if: 
  1. the gross tonnage of the towed vessel is less than 150
  2. LOA of the towed vessel is less than 28 m.
Vessels being towed or towing from berth to berth within the area of the same harbour, do not have to use a pilot.
    Pilotage is not compulsory for offshore support vessels, in accordance with international definitions, that are transporting following products in bulk: 
  1. acetic acid
  2. hydrochloric acid
  3. hydrofluoric acid
  4. liquid carbon dioxide, or
  5. liquid nitrogen.
All requests must be given to DanPilot at least 24 hours prior to ETA and at least 4 hours prior to ETD. Requests can be sent using DanPilot's price calculator www.danpilot.dk/rate-calculator/wizard/calculate-price-for-pilotage/ or by email danpilot@danpilot.dk
    If the request is sent by email the following information must be provided: 
  1. name, call sign and IMO number of the vessel
  2. g.t., LOA, beam, draft and speed of the vessel
  3. type of cargo including IBC codes
  4. ETA at the place from which pilotage is desired
  5. the place to which pilotage is desired
  6. any faults and/or deficiencies relevant for the manoeuvrability of the vessel
  7. contact details of the person or company sending the request
  8. information regarding form of payment.
DEEP SEA PILOTAGE:  For information on deep-sea pilotage in Denmark and the Baltic see Baltic Deep Sea Pilotage.
PRATIQUE:  Quarantine reporting messages must be sent between 12 and 4 hours before vessel's expected time of arrival and so as to reach Quarantine authorities between 0700 and 2100 hrs. Quarantine messages sent via coast radio station should be addressed "Quarantine" followed by the name of the port (i.e. Alborg, Arhus, Esbjerg, Frederikshavn, Kobenhavn or Odense).
VTS/RADAR:  Admiral Danish Fleet (ADF) has been appointed the Danish VTS Authority, and as such ADF is operating the VTSs in Great Belt and the Sound. VTS operations are carried out from VTS centres located in Korsoer and Malmoe respectively.
The VTS in the Sound is operated together with Swedish authorities. The VTS centre in Malmoe is incidentally the only one of its kind in the world, in which VTS operators from both countries carry out their duties from a joint centre.
Both VTS systems contribute to the safety of life at sea, protection of the marine environment and safety and efficiency of navigation in their areas of operation.
Furthermore the VTS in Great Belt has a primary task of protecting the bridges over Geat Belt.
POLLUTION:  Incident reporting, including maritime casualties, which involve discharges or the dumping of oil or other harmful substances, may be reported to the Maritime Rescue Coordination Centre in Arhus or Lyngby Radio.
Contact: Arhus JRCC T: +45 8943 3099. F: +45 7285 0384. Inmarsat-C (AOR-E): 492380442=MRCC X. jrcc@sok.dk
Lyngby Radio T: +45 6663 4800. F: +45 4588 2485. Inmarsat-C (AOR-E): 492380358+LYRA X. lyngbyradio@tdc.dk
WASTE DISPOSAL:  See Slops Disposal
SLOPS DISPOSAL:  In the majority of Danish ports the reception facilities are based on an agreement between the port authorities and the technical department of the local council or with a local company using trucks. 24 hours' notice is required in all Danish ports. A no-special-fee-system operates under the following conditions:
The delivery of residues shall normally take place within the normal working hours of the port. If however the ship is calling only outside of these hours, the delivery shall be free of charge to the ship.
The quantity of residues to be delivered should be in reasonable proportion to the size and type of the ship and the duration of the voyage.
The ship should be equipped with standard connections on deck and must be able to deliver the necessary pumping capacity.
The ship must pay harbour dues.
EMERGENCY RESPONSE CENTRE:  The Maritime Assistance Service (MAS) is an integrated part of Admiral Danish Fleet functioning around the clock as a central maritime contact point for shipping in and around Danish territorial waters.
The primary mission of MAS is to handle communication between the Danish coastal state, ship’s Masters requiring assistance, and other players in maritime community. These can be fleet owners, salvage companies, Port authorities, brokers etc.
MAS is on 24-hour alert to deploy rapid assistance and professional support for ships in connection with combating pollution, fire and explosions on board, collision, grounding, and maritime security. MAS receives Ship Security Alert System distress calls from Danish vessels around the world and foreign ships in Danish waters.
The Ship Security Alert System enables a vessel to send a distress call if it is attacked by pirates etc. On receiving such a call, MAS is responsible for alerting the relevant authorities responsible for a response.
MAS is the contact point to maritime authorities about administrative questions and to salvage companies, for example in the event of mechanical breakdown, collision or grounding. MAS is also responsible for communicating changes of security level to shipping in Danish waters and to Danish vessels all over the world.
MAS is also responsible for Admiral Danish Fleet's mission as National Competent Authority for the EU SeaSafeNet network. This network is distributing marine-related data to authorities in the EU member states. This includes information about vesels carrying dangerous cargos, thus providing Admiral Danish Fleet with relevant information, which will result in an effective response to accidents and pollution at sea.
JRCC Denmark:  Joint Rescue Coordination Centre (JRCC) Denmark is responsible for the coordination of all search and rescue operations associated with aeronautical and maritime emergencies in Denmark. The JRCC is located in the headquarters of Admiral Danish Fleet in the city of Aarhus. Authority for the control of SAR is vested in the Ministry of Defence (MOD). JRCC Denmark is the focal point of all aeronautical and maritime SAR activity within Danish SRR. JRCC is manned 24 hours a day, seven days a week. In addition to the JRCC, there are two Maritime Surveillance Centres (MSC) called Maritime Surveillance Centre - North and Maritime Surveillance Centre - South.
MSC North:  Located in Frederikshavn and is manned around the clock. T: +45 9922 1600. F: +45 9922 1538. mocn@mil.dk AOH T: +45 9922 1520. AOH F: +45 9922 1538. AOH mocn-orun@mil.dk
MSC South:  Located on the isle of Bornholm and is manned around the clock. T: +45 5694 2400. F: +45 5691 0444. mosc@mil.ck AOH T: +45 5694 2416.
REGULATIONS:  EU MRV:  The EU MRV (Monitoring, Reporting, Verification) regulation entered into force on 1 July 2015, and it requires ship owners and operators to annually monitor, report and verify CO 2 emissions for vessels larger than 5,000 g.t. calling at any EU and EFTA (Norway and Iceland) port. Data collection takes place on a per voyage basis and started 1 January 2018.
The reported CO 2 emissions, together with additional data, are to be verified by independent certified bodies and sent to a central database managed by the European Maritime Safety Agency (EMSA). The aggregated ship emission and efficiency data will be published by the EC by 30 June 2019 and then every consecutive year.
Ship owners and operators shall monitor the CO 2 emissions of their vessels per voyage conducted into, between and out of EU (and EFTA) ports. A voyage is defined as any movement of a ship that originates from, or terminates in, a port of call (EU port) and that serves the purpose of transporting passengers or cargo for commercial purposes.
TIME:  GMT plus 1 hour in winter and 2 in summer.
LOCAL HOLIDAYS:  1 January (New Year's Day); Maundy Thursday; Good Friday; Easter Monday; 18 April (General Prayer Day); 1 May (Labour Day); Ascension Day; Whit Monday; 5 June (Constitution Day); 24 December (Christmas Eve); 25 December (Christmas Day); 26 December (Boxing Day). No work can be carried out.
CONSULS:  Contact details of foreign representation in Denmark available at um.dk/en/about-us/the-protocol-department/history-of-the-building/
CUSTOMS:  For use on board during the stay in Denmark a total of 40 cigarettes or 40 grammes of tobacco, 0.25 litres of spirits and 0.25 litres of wine can be released per member of the crew a day.
Tobacco may be released for 5 days' consumption at a time, i.e. 200 cigarettes. Spirits and wine may be released for 3 or 4 days' consumption, i.e. 1 bottle containing 0.25 or 1.0 litres.
Danish Tax and Customs Administration (SKAT). T: +45 7222 1818. www.skat.dk/
AUTHORITY:  Danish Maritime Authority, Carl Jacobsens Vej 31, DK-2500 Valby, Denmark. T: +45 7219 6000. sfs@dma.dk www.dma.sk