Home > Country
 

Cameroon Flag of Cameroon

Pollution:  Pollution
Facilities:  Medical
Security:  Piracy
Local Info:  Time | Holidays
Shore:  Connections | Banks | Customs
Crew:  Leave | ID Cards
Misc:  General
General Information for Cameroon
Geo-political:
Capital City: Yaounde.
Nationality: (noun) Cameroonian, (adjective) Cameroonian.
Population: 18,879,301.
Communications:
International Direct Dial Code: 237.
Number of Internal Airports: 11.
Major Languages Spoken: 24 major African language groups, English (official), French (official).
Economy:
Currency: 1 CFA Franc BEAC (XAF) of 100 Centimes.
Main Industries: Petroleum production and refining, aluminium production, food processing, light consumer goods, textiles, lumber and ship repair.
Environment:
Territorial Sea: 12 n.m.
Other Maritime Claims: Contiguous Zone: 24 n.m.
Coastline Extent: 402 km.
Climate: Varies with terrain, from tropical along coast to semiarid and hot in north.
Natural Resources: Petroleum, bauxite, iron ore, timber and hydropower.
Natural Hazards: Volcanic activity with periodic releases of poisonous gases from Lake Nyos and Lake Monoun volcanoes.
Terrain: Diverse, with coastal plain in southwest, dissected plateau in centre, mountains in west, plains in north.
Average Temperatures: 
Month High Low
January 29° C 19° C
June 27° C 19° C
September 27° C 19° C
POLLUTION:  Pollution incidents should be reported to Office National des Ports du Cameroon - (ONPC). T: +237 420133. F: +237 426797.
MEDICAL:  Medical facilities in Cameroon are poor. Emergency facilities are extremely limited. For serious medical treatment, medical evacuation to Europe or South Africa will be necessary. Make sure you have adequate health insurance and accessible funds to cover the cost of any medical treatment abroad and repatriation.
There is a risk of Zika virus transmission in Cameroon.
In May 2016, the Cameroon Ministry of Livestock Fisheries and Animal Industries confirmed an outbreak of avian influenza (bird flu) at a government owned poultry complex at Mvog-Betsi, a suburb on the outskirts of Yaoundé.
There is a high risk of malaria in Cameroon.
There is a risk of yellow fever transmission in all areas of Cameroon. You should take steps to avoid being bitten by mosquitoes.
There is a cholera outbreak in Cameroon, mainly in the Far North but cases have also been confirmed in Douala.
All land, air and maritime restrictions between Cameroon and Ebola affected countries have been lifted. On arrival to Yaounde-Nsimalen Airport (NSI), the Cameroonian Health Authorities use thermal sensors to monitor the temperatures of all passengers arriving into the country. This is done at distance and is non-invasive.
In the 2015 the UNAIDS/WHO Working Group estimated 620,000 people in Cameroon living with HIV of which 580,000 are aged 15 or over. You should exercise normal precautions to avoid exposure to HIV and AIDS.
If you need emergency medical assistance during your trip, dial 112 or 113 or 119 and ask for an ambulance.
PIRACY:  There have been attacks of armed robbery on commercial shipping vessels in the Gulf of Guinea, including the coastline of Cameroon around Douala port. Extreme caution should be exercised in these areas when travelling in coastal waters. We advise mariners to take appropriate precautions.
TIME:  GMT plus 1 hour.
LOCAL HOLIDAYS:  1 January (New Years Day (No work)); 11 February (Youth Day); Easter; 1 May (Labour Day (No work)); Ascension Day; 20 May (National Day (No work)); 15 August (Assumption); 25 December (Christmas (No work)); 2 Unfixed Muslim holidays (including Ramadan).
None Working Day:  Port operations stopped at 1800 hrs. day before or according to the last tide before midnight, and resumed 0700 hrs. day after according to the first morning tide.
No operations, sailing or berthing during closure period, except supply vessels operating on oilfields.
Even though there are public holidays, cargo work may be carried out by arrangement.
CONNECTIONS:  There is only one airline operating between a few major cities, Camair-co. Scheduled flights are subject to frequent delays and cancellations. Several international airlines fly into Cameroon.
While some parts of the Cameroonian railroads are being overhauled, much of the track and many of the trains remain in poor condition.
BANKS:  Many banks will only allow you to exchange traveller's cheques if you hold an account with that bank.
Cameroon is primarily a cash economy. Credit cards have limited acceptability in Cameroon and of the range of credit cards Visa is the most widely accepted. Confirm in advance if you wish to settle a bill by credit card.
Some ATMs outside banks in Yaounde, Douala and other major towns will accept major credit cards and supply local currency but they are often empty, particularly at the weekend.
Money transfer agencies can be found throughout Cameroon.
SHORE LEAVE:  There is an underlying threat from terrorism. Attacks could be indiscriminate, including in places frequented by expatriates and foreign travellers. Media reports have highlighted an increase in Islamic extremist presence in northern Cameroon.
Incidents of mugging and banditry, sometimes armed, are a problem throughout Cameroon but of prevalence in Yaounde, Douala and Limbe. There have been attacks in the Mont Febe area of Yaounde; it is advised not to go there alone. Avoid isolated or poorer areas of town (for example in Yaounde, La Briquetterie and Mokolo; in Douala, Akwa, Bonaberi and Village). Take personal security precautions, for example by avoiding the streets at night and, as far as possible, go out in the company of others.
Ensure car doors are locked when travelling; avoid wearing jewellery and carry the minimum in cash and valuables with you.
Petty theft is common on trains, coaches and bush taxis and around bus stations. Take precautions when using city taxis as many do not comply with basic safety procedures such as seatbelts or general roadworthiness. There have also been reports of violent assaults and robberies on taxi passengers. Only use authorised taxis. Many hotels or restaurants are able to call a private authorised taxi for customers.
Photography of military sites, government buildings, airports and ports is forbidden.
IDENTIFICATION CARDS:  Carry identification at all times (either a residence permit or a certified copy of your passport). Failure to produce such identification can lead to detention by the police.
GENERAL:  Information obtained from UK Foreign & Commonwealth Office website. Consult www.gov.uk/fco for updates.