Port consists of SBM, CBM, T-jetty and finger pier, handling Palanca blend crude oil and operated by TotalFinaElf E&P Angola.
Oil is pumped to the terminal from the Palanca Oil Field and Lombo East Field.
FPSO is secured to a 10 point spread mooring, heading 225°(T).
Export vessel is moored bow to stern of FPSO.
The vessel shall moor at the bow with the storage vessel (tandem mooring) or with the hawser of the buoy (SPM).
Approximately 230 km. NW of Luanda and 20 n.m. from the nearest coast and loading terminal.
The Floating Storage and Loading Terminal Palanca:
Lat. 06° 58′ 07″ S, Long. 12° 23′ 43″ E, water depth 44.0 m.
The Auxiliary Loading Buoy (CALM):
Lat. 06° 56′ 57″ S, Long. 12° 23′ 43″ E, water depth 42.0 m.
BA Charts No. 604 and 3206
French Chart No. 3357
American Chart HO No. 2203
Portuguese Chart No. 305.
French Pilot Book Volume C, West African Coast, Volume 2
French Light and Fog Signals, Series C
BA Africa Pilot Volume 2.
Documents Required by Immigration on Arrival: Immigration (DEFA) will check passports against the Crew List. Following documents are required:
5 Animal Lists
5 Arms and Ammunition Lists
5 Crew Lists
5 Narcotics Lists
5 Passenger Lists
1 Ports of Call List.
For further information contact Agent.
300,000 d.w.t., draft 44.0 m.
Daylight berthing only. There will be no mooring after 1500 hrs. local time.
If tanker arrives after 1500 hrs. local time, Pilot will usually board the following day at 0600 hrs. local time.
Unberthing throughout 24 hours.
The production facilities of TotalFinalElf E&P Angola are protected by an area of prohibited navigation which extends 0.5 n.m.
around all fixed installations.
Access to this area is authorised only to vessels working for or authorised by TotalFinaElf E&P Angola.
This prohibited area is marked at night by white lights, flashing Morse code ``U'' every 15 seconds, installed on the corners
of the platforms and on the front of the storage tanker Palanca.
Average height of the lights 19 m.
Range 5 miles.
In the event of reduced visibility (less than 1 mile) the floating storage vessel emits audible signals in accordance with
the international collision regulation for warning of approaches at sea, consisting of the letter ``U'' every 30 seconds.
Platforms are located as follows (1998):
||Production Platform Palanca (PAL P1):
||Lat. 06° 58′ 23″ S, Long. 12° 22′ 33″ E
||Drilling Platform (PAL F2):
||Lat. 06° 56′ 43″ S, Long. 12° 22′ 35″ E
||Flare Platform (PAL T1):
||Lat. 06° 58′ 13″ S, Long. 12° 22′ 30″ E
||Flare Platform (PAL T2):
||Lat. 06° 58′ 24″ S, Long. 12° 22′ 38″ E
||Production Platform (PAL P2):
||Lat. 06° 58′ 25″ S, Long. 12° 22′ 40″ E
||Production Platform (PAC F1):
||Lat. 07° 05′ 59″ S, Long. 12° 20′ 19″ E
||Flare Platform (PAC T1):
||Lat. 07° 05′ 47″ S, Long. 12° 20′ 13″ E
||Production Platform (BUF F1):
||Lat. 07° 07′ 05″ S, Long. 12° 22′ 10″ E
||Production Platform (PAC F2):
||Lat. 07° 07′ 42″ S, Long. 12° 20′ 55″ E
||Production Platform (IPS F1):
||Lat. 07° 03′ 56″ S, Long. 12° 24′ 50″ E
||Production Platform (PAC F3):
||Lat. 07° 04′ 20″ S, Long. 12° 19′ 55″ E
||Production Platform (IMP F1):
||Lat. 07° 00′ 34″ S, Long. 12° 22′ 43″ E
||Drilling Platform (PAC F4):
||Lat. 07° 09′ 26″ S, Long. 12° 20′ 45″ E
||Drilling Platform (COB F1):
||Lat. 07° 12′ 14″ S, Long. 12° 23′ 21″ E
||Production Platform (PAM F1):
||Lat. 07° 10′ 23″ S, Long. 12° 23′ 21″ E
||Production Platform (COB P1):
||Lat. 07° 10′ 23″ S, Long. 12° 23′ 22″ E
A sealine of 2,600 m. links the production platform (PAL P2) with the Floating Storage Palanca.
A sealine of 3,600 m. links the Production Platform (PAL P2) with the Auxiliary Loading Buoy.
A sealine of 2,164 m. links the Floating Storage ``Palanca'' with the Auxiliary Loading Buoy.
Additional rigs may operate in the vicinity of these platforms at any time. Consequently vessels coming to load at Palanca
must refer to radio messages received prior to arrival.
Compulsory, carried out by a Pilot representing TotalFinaElf E&P Angola, who will remain on board during the entire duration
of the call.
The signals for contacting the Pilot are those set out in the International Code; the Pilot may be contacted by VHF Channel 16.
The Pilot shall take control of the vessel approximately 2.2 n.m. in the 330°(T) direction (NNW) of the loading station, at
Lat. 06° 55.3′ S, Long. 12° 22.5′ E.
It should be recalled that ``piloting consists of assistance given to Masters in steering vessels upon entry into and departure
from the piloting zone''.
It should be stressed that the Master remains at all times entirely responsible for any damage or accidents resulting, whether
at night or day, from the steering or manoeuvring of his vessel.
Vessels coming to load at Palanca may anchor in 50 m. of water, 5.4 n.m. WNW from the loading station, within 1 nautical mile
radius of position Lat. 06° 55′ 08″ S, Long. 12° 18′ 45″ E.
It is prohibited to anchor in the Prohibited Area within 1.5 miles of the line of pipes connecting PAL F2 to PAL P1, and from
PAL P2 to the Storage Vessel and at least 1.0 nautical mile from the loading station.
Sea Bed: Sandy and of good consistency for anchoring. Certain outcroppings of flat rock can delay engagement of the anchor.
Health inspection is carried out by the chief doctor of the Border Health Police.
In the event of a contagious illness on board, Health authorities must be advised prior to arrival.
Arrival Advice: Vessels should advise their ETA 72, 48 and 24 hours in advance to TotalFinaElf E&P Angola.
Thereafter, they should give notice of any significant changes in their expected hour of arrival.
Vessels shall address their ETA to:
TotalFinaElf E&P Angola,
Rua Marechal Broz Tito No. 13, CP 2610, Luanda.
Tel: +244 (2) 390293, 390343, 390393.
Telex: 042-540593 ELFANGA and start your message text with ``To: EP-AO-DB3 EXP-OPS-TERM''.
Palanca: Floating Storage Vessel.
Call sign ``FJBZ X''.
SSB monitoring (voice) on 6,342 kHz from 0700–1700 hrs.
VHF monitoring on Channel 16 permanently.
Monitors satellite communications permanently:
Via Atlantic satellite (See ``Notice of ETA'' below).
Tel: (871) 111 0776.
Fax: (871) 111 1176.
Telex: (871) 111 0777 and start your message text with: EP-AO-DB3 EXP-OPS-TERM.
The following is part of a message sent to a vessel in August 1992.
Notice of ETA:
Please report to Palanca Offshore loading facilities 72 hours in advance of ETA, and again 48 hours and 24 hours prior to
Please send telex to Palanca Terminal/FJBX.
TotalFinaElf E&P Angola, Attn. Mrs. E Gabriel EXP/ING.
||Ship using INMARSAT:
||Dial: EP-FE-AO EXP-OPS-TERM 042-540593 or
||EP-FE-AO DOPE-EXP 042-540593 (A/B ELFANG AN).
||Ship using Radiotelex:
||Dial: EP-FE-AO EXP-OPS-TERM 042-540593.
||In respect of the shore station procedure.
Please advise Terminal Palanca and TotalFinaElf E&P Angola:
Name of your Shipping Agent
Name of Master
Vessel's flag and call sign
Voyage number when leaving Palanca after loading
Destination and last port of call
Whether loading can be initiated while deballasting. If not, advise required deballasting time.
Quantity of clean ballast and permanent ballast on arrival
Confirm that heating coils and tanks are sound and not leaking
Loading rate with 1×16 in. hose
Revert with dimensions of your forward Panama Fairlead
Confirm that cargo tanks will be under inert gas on arrival.
Whether owner's instructions have been received regarding insertions or special mentions to be added on Bill of Lading. Please
revert with your standard Carrier Alpha Code.
According to your instructions, when can loading be initiated (date and time).
Quantity of slops on board, and if ``Load-on-Top Procedure'' will be followed this voyage.
Revert with your vessel's experience factor calculated as follows:
Total of ship's figures for the last five voyages, divided by
Total of B/L quantities for the same voyages.
If any more information needed.
Mooring is carried out by a work boat using personnel designated by TotalFinaElf E&P Angola.
This vessel is at the disposition of the tanker, under the instructions of the Pilot, during the duration of the tanker's
manoeuvring and its stay at the loading terminal.
The towing wire is provided by the towing work vessel, towing traction 35 tons average.
Moorings at the loading terminal are furnished by TotalFinaElf E&P Angola. Consequently, the vessel should be prepared to
take on board: the hawser as close as possible to the centre line of the vessel, the mooring line being composed essentially
of 45 m. of doubled 18 in. circumference nylon and 7 m. of 3 in. chain. This chain is intended to hold fast the nip of the
hawser at the fairlead; and furthermore, in order to facilitate its taking on board, the hawser is furnished with an ``in
haul'' of 10 in. circumference polypropylene, of approximately 200 m. in length.
The ``in haul'' is passed to the vessel by means of a tender. The vessel must prepare the messenger line for taking on board
the ``in haul'' by the bow.
Weather and sea permitting, mooring will be undertaken from 0600–1500 hrs. In exceptional conditions, mooring can take place
Unmooring shall take place as soon as loading is completed, whether day or night.
The port derrick should be rigged before arrival and have a minimum lifting capacity of 15 tons.
The port side manifold should be prepared for connecting 2×16 in. hoses.
Connections: The loading of vessels is conducted through 1×20 in. flexible floating line, length 256 m., terminating in 2×16 in. × 27 m.
long hoses. Connection is a 16 in. 150 ASA flange. Port side manifold normally used.
Connection and disconnection of hoses will be executed by the mooring crew. During the entire duration of the vessel's stay
at the loading station, the Pilot shall assure that a safety watch is kept on board. The Pilot is also the Loading Master
and the representative of TotalFinaElf E&P Angola.
Max. Size: 150,000 d.w.t. when the vessel is moored bow-to-bow with the barge, 300,000 d.w.t. when the vessel is moored at the SBM. Depending
on the sea and wind conditions, this maximum size may be reduced to 280,000 d.w.t.
Max. bow to manifold distance 168 m.
Min. bow to manifold distance 130 m.
Max. vessel manifold height above water at CD equivalent to that of VLCCs.
Min. SWL of vessel's derrick 15 tonnes.
The Palanca Loading Station of TotalFinaElf E&P Angola is a single point bow mooring type.
The storage vessel is connected to a Turret Buoy by a semi-rigid arm. This buoy is fixed to the sea floor by chains to six
driven stakes. These anchoring chains extend to a radius of 490 m. around the buoy.
The loading buoy is a CALM buoy (Catenary Anchor Leg Mooring) fixed to the sea floor by 6×4.25 in. chains.
The depth of water at the turret buoy is 44.0 m. The storage tanker Palanca, length 256.5 m., beam 60.0 m., has a capacity
of 274,000 tonnes.
The water depth at the CALM loading buoy is 42.0 m.
The sealine (2,500 m. × 20 in. diameter) connects the Palanca floating storage to the production platform, the buoy is connected
to the sealine by 1×20 in. hose line.
For loading, there are two possibilities:
- A 20 in. floating line ending in 2×16 in. lines connects the bow of the storage vessel to the intake manifold of the lifting
vessel at a length of approximately 250 m. from the bow.
- Dispatching of the production from the storage barge to the second Loading Station is made through a 30 in. sealine. A floating
20 in., 300 m. long, flexible line (ending in 2×16 in. lines) connects the loading buoy to the lifting tankers manifold.
The choice of the loading point shall be made by TotalFinaElf E&P Angola. The normal conditions at the loading stations are
Tankers of 40,000–150,000 d.w.t.
Liftings of 40,000–150,000 tons.
Exceptionally, the terminal may receive:
- tankers of up to 300,000 d.w.t. unballasted or half cargo, exclusively from the SBM buoy and with 10 days' notice
- liftings of up to 200,000 tons (programmed in advance according to Block 3 Rules).
The Palanca Terminal has the right to refuse these exceptions.
The work vessel shall remain at the disposal of the Pilot, and shall hold fast at the stern of the tanker under tow. A tow
should be furnished to the work vessel at the stern of the tanker, permitting a permanent traction of approximately 10–25 tons,
during tandem loading operations, and also at the loading buoy.
Notice of Readiness: Notice of Readiness is to be addressed to TotalFinaElf E&P Angola.
Loading: Three loading configurations are possible:
Loading in tandem, maximum rate 8,000 cu.m./hr.
Loading on the buoy, maximum rate 6,000 cu.m./hr.
Loading simultaneously on two tankers tandem/buoy, maximum rate 12,000 cu.m./hr. (7,200 cu.m./hr. tandem plus 4,800 cu.m./hr.
from the buoy). Expected load/discharge rate at SBM and tandem loading 5,600 cu.m./hr.
Inspection of the tanks after deballasting and measurement of ullage after loading shall be done in the presence of the Pilot,
representing TotalFinaElf E&P Angola.
TotalFinaElf E&P Angola shall place on board the vessel, two sealed (2 litres) samples representative of the cargo.
Twenty minutes before the end of loading, the tanker shall make contact with the storage vessel by VHF, so as to be able to
stop the pumps at the appropriate moment.
The Master shall be entirely responsible for the valve manifold operations and for onboard loading safety.
Closed Loading: Compulsory. A Safety Officer will board the vessel with the Pilot/Loading Master. The Safety Officer will inform the vessel's
crew of the safety measures necessary for the handling of this cargo, i.e. instructions to shipboard personnel, monitoring
and measurement of gas levels, management and control of H2S in the cargo tanks, on the decks, in the living quarters and when vented to the atmosphere.
The Safety Officer will provide emergency equipment, such as breathing apparatus (for emergency work at the ship's manifold),
H2S monitoring and measuring equipment.
During cargo tank venting, only crew members authorised by the Master will be allowed on the open deck areas. All accommodation
access doors must be closed and sealed during loading, except one, and all shipboard personnel will be instructed to use only
that assigned access, except in an emergency. Ship's air-conditioning plant must be on internal recirculation.
Recommendations and Regulations as per IMO Dangerous Hydrocarbon Cargo Handling and ISGOTT International Safety Guide for Oil Tankers and Terminals must be followed at all times.
Palanca Crude Characteristics: (April 2000).
|API at 60°F:
|Density at 15°C:
|Reid vapour pressure at 37.8°C:
||67 K. Pa
Hydrogen Sulphide: Cargo loaded at the terminal contains high concentrations of hydrogen sulphide (H2S). Special precautions should be taken due to H2S gas when venting to atmosphere during loading, or when ballasting and after the discharge of the cargo, as it is extremely
dangerous to personnel. Because of the extreme danger, each and every person working in an area where H2S gas may be present, should be aware of the potential dangers, and know how to protect themselves from its toxic effects.
Vessels should arrive with sufficient ballast and correct trim in order to be able to manoeuvre with safety; such ballast
may not be less than 30% of the deadweight of the vessel. Deballasting may be carried out only with the agreement of the Pilot/Loading
The storage facility at Palanca is not equipped with an oil separator. The vessel should therefore present itself with clean
Any vessel presenting itself with dirty ballast may be obliged to depart the loading terminal and any resulting delay shall
be entirely for its account; the acceptance of the Notice of Readiness shall be appropriately adjusted.
The Master shall be responsible for overflow or leakage from the tanks or any other situation which can bring about accidental
discharge of hydrocarbons.
The scuppers shall be plugged during the duration of loading.
TotalFinaElf E&P Angola shall not be responsible for any violation of international regulations.
It is forbidden to discharge cinders, flammable materials, objects and waste of any kind into the sea.
Any object falling into the sea should be reported to TotalFinaElf E&P Angola.
TotalFinaElf E&P Angola may attempt, at any time that it may consider appropriate, to fish such objects out of the sea. Such
fishing out shall be undertaken at the expense, risk and peril of the party responsible.
Facilities in Ahmed (Soyo). Urgent health evacuations to Luanda are carried out by TotalFinaElf E&P Angola at the expense
of the vessel.
The Agent of the vessel shall take charge of the evacuee upon his arrival in Luanda.
Storing: It is not possible to provision at the terminal.
The repair shops at Luanda have limited facilities, information can be obtained from ship's Agents.
GMT plus 1 hour.
Rain: The rainy season predominates in February to April.
The dry season and cool season extends two to three months in June, July and August.
Air Temperature: In the rainy season, the temperature of the air varies from 23–30°C with a relative humidity of approximately 91%.
In the dry season the temperature varies from 18–22°C with a relative humidity of approximately 86%.
Sea Temperature: On the surface, the temperature of the sea varies from 30°C at the start of the year to 20°C in the month of July.
Salinity varies from 28–35 grams per litre.
Visibility: During the rainy season, particularly February, March, and April, the rain limits visibility to 0.5 n.m.
Tidal Range: The tides are diurnal, maximum height at MHWS is 1.9 m. and at MHWN 0.95 m.
Winds: The dominant winds are from the south, generally less than 15 knots on the average. Strong winds have a short duration and
blow from the east or SSE in association with gales (70 km./hr.).
Currents: In the Palanca region, currents can be extremely variable in force and direction but the general dominant current, flows
toward the NNW, its speed on the surface can attain 1.8 knots.
Swell: The predominant direction of the swell is from the SSW, the average height varies from 1.5–2.5 m. with a period of 12 seconds,
the surface waves generated by local winds rarely exceed 2 m.
The swell is strongest from May to October and at maximum 2–3 days before spring tides.
Luanda International Airport, 4 km.
Safety: The Master is solely responsible for safety on board his vessel.
During the entire stay at the loading station, the Master must: maintain on board sufficient personnel so as to be able to
manoeuvre the vessel without risk and to put into action appropriate firefighting equipment; maintain engines so as to be
ready to manoeuvre; attend to the hawser so as to assure good mooring without abnormal wear; keep a watch over the floating
hose so as not to subject it to any wear or chafing which might cause deterioration; keep watch so that the vessel does not
collide with the storage vessel, whether as a result of a reverse in current or a severe change in wind direction or for any
Territorial Waters: The sovereignty of the Republic of Angola extends to a distance of 20 n.m. from the shore line at low tide along the coast.
The Angolan authorities exercise fiscal, customs, health, and immigration control on the high seas contiguous to the territorial
waters up to a distance of 200 miles.
Transport: The means of transport of TotalFinaElf E&P Angola cannot be utilised by the crew of vessels coming to load at Palanca. There
is no regular transport between Palanca and Luanda.
Berthing will not be commenced after 1500 hrs. (local time).
Pilot ladder to be rigged to the water as Pilot boards from a work boat. On boarding, Pilot will go forward to inspect mooring
Shore gear lifted on board on the port side.
Loading vessel moors bow to stern with storage vessel.
Just before taking up mooring lines the tug makes fast aft. Vessel requires a heavy messenger to lift tug's wire. Once vessel
starts heaving mooring lines, Pilot goes forward and communicates with bridge on VHF Channel 67.