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Myanmar Flag of Myanmar

Facilities:  Medical
Local Info:  Time | Holidays | Weather
Shore:  Tel. | Banks
Crew:  Leave | Repatriation
Misc:  General
General Information for Myanmar
Capital City: Yangon (Rangoon).
Nationality: (noun) Burmese, (adjective) Burmese.
Population: 48,137,741.
International Direct Dial Code: 95.
Number of Internal Airports: 37.
Major Languages Spoken: Burmese, minority ethnic groups have their own languages.
Currency: 1 Kyat (MMK) of 100 Pyas.
Exchange Rates:  (as of December 2010)
US$ 1.00 = MMK 6.44
MMK 1.00 = US$ 0.16
Exchange rates under licence from XE.com
Main Industries: Agricultural processing, wood and wood products, copper, tin, tungsten, iron, cement, construction materials, pharmaceuticals, fertiliser, oil and natural gas, garments and jade and gems.
Territorial Sea: 12 n.m.
Other Maritime Claims: Contiguous Zone: 24 n.m. Continental Shelf: 200 n.m. or to the edge of the continental margin. Exclusive Economic Zone: 200 n.m.
Coastline Extent: 1,930 km.
Climate: Tropical monsoon; cloudy, rainy, hot, humid summers (southwest monsoon, June to September); less cloudy, scant rainfall, mild temperatures, lower humidity during winter (northeast monsoon, December to April).
Natural Resources: Petroleum, timber, tin, antimony, zinc, copper, tungsten, lead, coal, marble, limestone, precious stones, natural gas and hydropower.
Natural Hazards: Destructive earthquakes and cyclones; flooding and landslides common during rainy season (June to September); periodic droughts.
Terrain: Central lowlands ringed by steep, rugged highlands.
MEDICAL:  Routine medical advice and treatment can be obtained in Yangon and Mandalay, but elsewhere you should not assume that competent advice and treatment is available. Upfront cash payment is often required prior to receiving medical treatment in Myanmar. Intrusive examinations, including emergency dental work, should be avoided due to irregular hygiene standards and the danger of infection, particularly by hepatitis B and C and HIV/AIDS. Make sure you have adequate insurance and accessible funds to cover the cost of any medical treatment abroad and repatriation.
Poor sanitation and eating contaminated food can increase the risk of diarrhoeal illnesses. Drink or use only boiled or bottled water and avoid ice in drinks. If you suffer from diarrhoea during a visit to Myanmar, seek immediate medical attention.
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TIME:  GMT plus 6.5 hours throughout the year.
LOCAL HOLIDAYS:  4 January (Independence Day); 12 February (Union Day); 2 March (Peasants Day); March (Full Moon of Tabaung); 27 March (Tatmadaw Day); 13–16 April (Water Festival); 17–21 April (Burmese New Year); 1 May (Labour Day); 8 May (Full Moon of Kason); 6 July (Beginning of Buddhist Lent); 19 July (Martyrs' Day); 3 October (end of Buddhist Lent); October to November (Diwali); 1 November (Tazaungdaing Festival); 11 November (National Day); 16 December (Kayin (Karen) New Year); 25 December (Christmas).
WEATHER/TIDES:  The cyclone season in Myanmar normally runs from April to October. Floods and landslides may occur.
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TELEPHONES:  International GSM roaming is not available in Myanmar.
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BANKS:  Overseas visitors are not able to use the few ATMs to be found in Myanmar. Credit cards, debit cards and travellers' cheques are rarely accepted (if at all). Ensure you have enough US Dollars, in pristine condition, for use in Myanmar.
Because of concerns over counterfeit money, US Dollars with the letters AB and CB at the start of the serial number (top left-hand corner of note) are not always accepted. Notes with pen marks, folds or tears are also not accepted.
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SHORE LEAVE:  There is a high threat from terrorism. You should exercise caution in public places and ensure that you are comfortable with security arrangements. Attacks could be indiscriminate, including in places frequented by expatriates and foreign travellers.
There are no accurate crime statistics, but anecdotal evidence suggests that muggings and petty thefts in Yangon have increased as the economic situation has deteriorated. You should take extra care of your belongings. There have been occasional instances of violent crime against foreigners. Take sensible security precautions at all times.
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REPATRIATION:  Evidence suggests that the domestic airline, Myanmar Airways, does not always comply with international safety standards. The domestic airline Myanmar Airways should not be confused with Myanmar Airways International (MAI), which operates across South East Asia.
Local flight schedules are subject to change without warning and you should leave sufficient time in your travel itinerary to accommodate this. On occasion Burmese domestic airlines use aircraft from outside their own fleet, including those belonging to Myanmar Airways. Passengers are not advised in advance where this is the case.
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GENERAL:  Information obtained from the UK Foreign & Commonwealth Office website. Updates available at http://www.fco.gov.uk