Home > Country

Brazil Flag of Brazil

Pre Arrival:  Docs | ISPS
Arrival:  Approach | Pilots
Communications:  Pratique | Pre-Arrival | VHF | VTS/Radar
Berthing Ops:  Tugs
Cargo:  Stevedores
Pollution:  Ballast | Pollution
Facilities:  Fuel
Security:  Emergency | Security
Local Info:  Time | Holidays
Crew:  Repatriation
Misc:  Agent
Report:  Report
General Information for Brazil
Capital City: Brasilia.
Nationality: (noun) Brazilian, (adjective) Brazilian.
Population: 198,739,269.
International Direct Dial Code: 55.
Number of Internal Airports: 721.
Major Languages Spoken: Portuguese (official and most widely spoken language); note - less common languages include Spanish (border areas and schools), German, Italian, Japanese, English, and a large number of minor Amerindian languages.
Currency: 1 Brazilian Real (BRL) of 100 Centavos.
Exchange Rates:  (as of September 2014)
USD 1.00 = BRL 2.24
BRL 1.00 = USD 0.45
Exchange rates under licence from XE.com
Main Industries: Textiles, shoes, chemicals, cement, lumber, iron ore, tin, steel, aircraft, motor vehicles and parts and other machinery and equipment.
Territorial Sea: 12 n.m.
Other Maritime Claims: Contiguous Zone: 24 n.m. Continental Shelf: 200 n.m. or to edge of the continental margin. Exclusive Economic Zone: 200 n.m.
Coastline Extent: 7,491 km.
Climate: Mostly tropical, but temperate in south.
Natural Resources: Bauxite, gold, iron ore, manganese, nickel, phosphates, platinum, tin, uranium, petroleum, hydropower and timber.
Natural Hazards: Recurring droughts in northeast; floods and occasional frost in south.
Terrain: Mostly flat to rolling lowlands in north; some plains, hills, mountains, and narrow coastal belt.
Average Temperatures: 
Month High Low
January 28° C 23° C
June 27° C 16° C
September 24° C 16° C
DOCUMENTS:  Statement of Compliance:  When a tanker is performing loading/discharging services Brazil-wide, on the basis of cargo to be handled, at the first Brazilian port, a Statement of Compliance is required to be carried out by the Brazilian Harbour Master at that port. Therefore, in order to attend to such requirements, a formal Power of Attorney is compulsory and is required to be issued for presentation to the authorities, enabling ship's Agent(s) to conduct relevant inspections.
Upon such certificate being issued, vessel shall subsequently call said Brazilian port and foresee solely the presentation of certificate is required (SIRE, provisional for 30 days at the cost of approx. USD175.00) or the final with longer period (1 year) available. Therefore, Power of Attorney issuance is to confirm before the port authorities that Agent(s) has specific powers given by the vessel(s) and is responsible, on such fixture, to represent the vessel accordingly, by inclusive payment of all applicable taxes.
Normally for Statement of Compliance arrangements through the Harbour Master, following documentation is requested to be presented at least 48 hours before confirmation of physical inspection:
  1. Charter party (alternatively for a vessel that has no possession of "CAA" which is a cabotage contract for Brazil)
  2. Registry Certificate
  3. Classification Certificate
  4. IOPP Certificate
  5. Certificate of Insurance or Other Financial Security in respect of Civil Liabilities for Oil Pollution Damage
  6. P&I insurance certificate clausing wreck removal
  7. Power of Attorney on specific terms granted by Harbour Master.
Statement of Compliance cost is usually built into the projected cost of the vessel's charter.
Required Prior to Arrival:  Notice of Arrival:  At least 24 hours before the anticipated arrival of the vessel, the following must be notified: the Captain of the Port, the Federal Maritime and Air Police, and Maritime Health. Likewise, the Cooperative of Health Inspector (VHF radiotelegraph station, VHF Channels 12 and 18) must be notified either directly or through the agency (the Bahia Cooperative is a private institution, controlled by the Office of the Captain of the Port).
Information on cargo for the port:
The agency should receive by airmail, at least 24 hours in advance of the anticipated arrival of the vessel, the following documents for distribution as indicated.
Port Authority: 
1 Cargo Manifest
1 Manifest of Dangerous Cargo
1 Stowage Plan
1 Cargo Manifest
1 Freighted Bills of Lading
1 Manifest of Dangerous Cargo
2 Cargo Manifest
2 Freighted Bills of Lading
2 Manifest of Dangerous Cargo
1 Stowage Plan
All manifests not in the Portuguese language must be translated into Portuguese and put on a special form, copia de traducao de manifesto de carga (copy of translated cargo manifest).
Request for Port Services:  At least 24 hours before arrival, the Brazilian Port Authority, Empresa de Portos do Brasil SA (PORTOBRAS), must receive their berthing request, to obtain port services.
Additional Requirements:  All communications with the above mentioned Authority must be made through a shipping broker. The port Agent handles all cargo operations. The shipping broker may also be the port Agent.
On Arrival: 
Port Captain: 
1 Crew List
1 Declaration of On-deck Cargo
1 Entrance Declaration
1 General Declaration (b)
1 In-ballast Declaration
1 List of Passengers in transit
1 Passenger (Nil) List
1 Bills of Lading
1 Cargo (Nil) Manifest (c)
1 Certificate of Customs Inspection
3 Crew Effects Declarations
3 Crew Lists
1 General Declaration (b)
1 Passenger (Nil) List
3 Ship's Stores Lists (a)
Maritime Police: 
3 Crew Lists
1 General Declaration (b)
1 List of Passengers in transit
3 Passenger Lists
2 Passenger Nil Lists
1 Ship's Stores List (f)
National Health: 
1 Crew List
1 Health Pratique Book from preceding Brazilian port
1 List of Passengers in transit
1 Maritime Declaration of Health (g)
2 Passenger Lists
1 Passenger Nil List
   Bills of Lading
1 Cargo (Nil) Manifest (c)
2 Crew Lists (d)
1 General Declaration (b)
1 Mail List
2 Passenger (Nil) Lists (d)
1 Ship's Stores List
  1. These documents are delivered to the Office of the Captain of the Port, where their contents are recorded. They are then sealed and returned for the vessel's departure operation.
  2. In addition to the special Entrance Declaration for the Office of the Captain of the Port, and the Certification of Customs inspection.
  3. The Manifest should include the number and contents of the containers, as well as an indication of unfreighted containers.
  4. One copy for the exit gate of the harbour.
  5. In the event that the next port of call should be Brazilian, an additional copy must be submitted, which is stamped by Customs.
  6. If the drugs are not included on the Ship's Store List, a list of medicinal drugs (narcotics) must be presented to the Maritime Police.
  7. Only for the first Brazilian port of call. There is a special form in the Portuguese language, but the LAFTA/OAS form will be accepted.
Other requirements:
The landing card requirement provision is still current, but it is not always requested. The agency delivers blank forms. The cards are filled out on board, and a photograph of the passenger or crew member must be affixed. The cards must be presented to the Maritime Police within 48 hours after the arrival of the vessel, but in the meantime all interested persons may land. The cards must be returned to the Police before the vessel's departure.
Crew Members' Documents:  Certain Brazilian port authorities have been levying fines at an increasing rate, against vessels in cases where crew members' documents have been incomplete or improperly prepared. In order to avoid such fines, the following guidelines should be adhered to:
  1. All crew members should possess a valid Seaman's Book.
  2. Crew members without a Seaman's Book must have a statement in their passport, mentioning `Seaman' as profession, preferably with the vessel's name and the crew member's rank.
  3. If the above requirements are not satisfied, the crew member should be listed on a Passenger List, but still bear a valid passport and valid visa, plus vaccination certificates.
  4. Supernumeraries are not accepted on Crew Lists. Any relatives of crew members should be stated on a valid Passenger List, also bearing a valid passport with required visa and vaccination certificate.
Prior to Departure:  At least 24 hours before sailing, to avoid possible delays, the following documents must be processed:
Customs:  The original of the payment voucher covering the lighthouse and beacon fees, to obtain the clearance permit;
Captain of the Port:  A copy of the above mentioned voucher; Crew List, if there have been any crew changes; List of Passengers Embarked. Upon presentation of these, the sailing permit is granted.
Maritime Police:  Passenger List or no-passenger declaration; Crew List, if there have been any crew changes.
Postal Service:  A certificate of mail delivery or a no-mail certificate must be obtained.
If the next port of call is Brazilian, the local authorities check the sailing permit issued by the four agencies mentioned above; if the next port of call is foreign, the sailing permit issued by the Captain of the Port suffices.
Other Provisions:  The agency must, within seven days following the departure of the vessel, deliver a copy of the cargo manifest of freight embarked in the port, and a copy of each bill of lading issued to Customs, PORTOBRAS, and SUNAMAN.
Flag:  All vessels alongside or anchored in Brazilian ports must display flags fore and aft on the national holidays of 7 September and 15 November.
Brazilian Flag:  The Brazilian flag must be flown between 0800 hrs. and sunset. Vessels bound for Brazilian ports must obtain the national flag in advance. If this is not possible, the flag should be obtained through the Agent.
It must be hoisted in the correct position and must be double-faced, i.e., not printed or painted on one side only. The two sides of the flag must be absolutely identical.
Customs Flag:  Blue with a white star – to be flown 24 hours a day after clearance is granted.
``Q'' Flag:  Vessels must display flag ``Q'' by day (sunrise to sunset) or red light over while light at night (sunset to sunrise) when approaching any Brazilian port. These signals must be displayed until pratique is granted.
Call Sign:  Call sign of the vessel, properly and correctly hoisted, must be flown on the arrival/entrance of the ship.
Boarding Officials:  Officials will only board by accommodation ladder, or gangway if the vessel is alongside, and must be met at the head of the ladder by a Ship's Officer.
ISPS COMPLIANCE:  To view ports/terminals that are ISPS compliant, see http://www2.imo.org/ispscode
APPROACHES:  Amazon:  Canal Grande do Curua Barra Norte (Northern Bar) as per Brazilian Chart No. 21001 has minimum depth 10.0 m. along its entire length at LW. HHW over this area is approx. 4.6 m. above CD, giving total max. depth 14.6 m. (HHW). Vessels of max. draft 11.50 m. (37.73 ft. (FW), are able to transit the channel subject to tide. Nevertheless, sea state should be carefully evaluated, as there may be a risk of touching bottom for a max. draft ship in adverse conditions. For purposes of planning, mariners should consider a depth of 11.50 m. (37.7 ft.) as safe and reasonable, subject to the tide at time of passage.
Tidal current at Barra Norte runs in a SW direction during the flood, and NE direction on the ebb. Max. strength of current approx. 5.5 knots on Spring and 3.0 knots on Neap tides.
Brazilian Charts No. 21001/23001, the tides in the approaches at Station ``H'' (Lat. 01° 34′ N, Long. 049° 13′ W), HW occurs approx. 4 hrs. 10 min. before HW Ponta do Ceu (Lat. 00° 46′ N, Long. 050° 07′ W). LW occurs 4 hrs. 39 min. before LW Ponta do Ceu.
So if on a determined day, HW occurs at Ponta do Ceu 1400 hrs., value 3.70 m. above CD, and the LW occurs at 2100 hrs. value of 0.00 m., and in the region of the approaches at Station ``H'', HW will be at 0950 hrs., and LW at 1621 hrs.
PILOTAGE:  Compulsory for all vessels over 200 g.t. There are specific boarding points shown on the charts for each port and vessels must wait there and hoist International Code of Signals flag ``G'', either at anchor or under way. A safe pilot ladder must be provided and must be properly illuminated. Pilots should be ordered at least 2 hours before arrival by Agent, or in the event of outlying ports 24 or 48 hours ahead (see each port).
Pilotage provided by UNIPILOT, Amazon Pilot and EPBAM.
Amazon Pilot. T: +55 (91) 3242 8435. F: +55 (91) 3242 5212. amapilot@supridados.com.br
EPBAM: Empresa de Praticagem da Bacia Amazonica S/C Ltda. T: +55 (91) 3241 4147, 242 3648, 223 4128, 224 8664. F: +55 (91) 3223 5212.
Itacoatiara to Tabatinga, pilotage provided by Praticagem dos Rios Ocidentais da Amazonia Ltda.
UNIPILOTS:  Eastern Amazon River Basin Pilots Union (UNIPILOT), Av. Assis de Vasconcelos, No. 265 Ed. Victor V3 Andar, CEP 66.017-070, Campina, Belem, Para, Brazil. T: +55 (91) 242 5508. F: +55 (91) 241 1110. unipilot@unipilot.com http://www.unipilot.com
Communications:  UNIPILOT provide qualified bilingual operators throughout 24 hours, 365 days a year. Contact the pilot station on VHF Channel 16 when in range. Vessels can also arrange Pilot through the ship's Agent, Belem or Macapa Pilot Stations.
North Bar Pilot:  Not compulsory. The pilotage service at the North Bar is usually carried out by UNIPILOT. The approaches to the Canal Grande de Curua experiences permanent changes on its course, as well as strong currents and is considered an area of risk to unfamiliar ship's Masters.
There are two pilot stations:
East Point: Lat. 00° 24′ S, Long. 047° 46′ W.
North Point: Lat. 00° 22′ S, Long. 047° 49′ W.
The most direct pilot station is to the north of the above positions in position Lat. 01° 04′ N, Long. 049° 37′ W, 3 n.m. from Canal Grande de Curua Buoys No. 1 and 2.
Pilots can be contacted in advance, call sign ``Vila do Progresso'' (AP), where UNIPILOT will have available all the necessary infrastructure for supporting the North Bar Pilot Station.
The following table shows the distance to ports from the North Bar Pilot Station:
Port Distance  
Fazendinha 174  
Jari 323  
Almerim 319  
Prainha 379  
Monte Alegre 417  
Santarem 474  
Obidos 539  
Trombetas 606  
Parintins 635  
Itacoatiara 924  
Canal Sul (South Channel) – ABADE:  Vessels proceeding from either the south of Brazil or Belem (PA) region, and are either bound for the Amazon River or other way round, can save up to 100 n.m. by navigating the Canal Sul, when compared to navigating via the North Bar.
Vessels wishing to access the South Channel should have on board the following nautical charts:
Brazilian DNH Charts No. 204, 205, 230, 231, 232, 233, 241, 300 and 310.
Vessels wishing to use this route can embark the ABADE (PA) Pilot in one of the two following positions:
East Point: Lat. 00° 24′ S, Long. 047° 46′ W.
North Point: Lat. 00° 22′ S, Long. 047° 49′ W.
Port Distance  
North Bar 150  
Fazendinha 232  
Jari 381  
Almerim 377  
Monte Alegre 628  
Santarem 685  
Obidos 750  
Trombetas 817  
Parintins 846  
Itacoatiara 990  
Vila de Conde 28  
Robco 142  
Madenorte 144  
Magebras 149  
Mainardi 156  
Mosqueiro (PA):  UNIPILOT also operate near the port of Belem. Vessels proceeding to or from either the open sea or Belem, and also bound to Breves (straits region), Pilots board 147°(T) × 2.5 n.m. from Chapeu Virado in position Lat. 01° 06′ S, Long. 048° 29′ W.
Pilot's Union Report:  October 1998.
Lat. 01° 34′ N, Long. 049° 13′ W.
Time Zone: GMT minus 3 hours.
Max. Draf T: 11. 38 m.
Description:  The Amazon River is to be entered through Canal do Norte. Pilots board at Santana, Fazendinha Pilot Station in position Lat. 00° 04′ 06″ S, Long. 051° 06′ 45″ W. This passage can be made with or without pilot assistance.
The distance from Barra Norte to Santana is about 170 n.m.
As the banks/depths are subject to frequent change, the river should not be entered unless information has been received on the current position of the buoys.
Maximum draft is restricted by the North Bar, with charted depths of less than 10.0 m.
Brazilian charts to be used with correction by Notice to Mariners, as British charts are shown not to be adequate.
Navigation in the Barra Norte requires great caution and attention at all times. GPS, radar and echo sounder in good condition are essential aids to navigation in this area.
The draft restriction for Barra Norte is 11.38 m. (37 ft.) fresh water at high tide and 9.75 m. (32 ft.) fresh water at low tide.
Tidal information for the area is confusing. The Admiralty Tide Tables and Brazilian Tide Tables only have data for a position off Curua Island, although this listed as Barra Norte and Ponta do Ceu, it is well south of the bar and channel, at the mouth of the river with the times and heights being irregular and inconsistent.
The tidal current in Barra Norte flows in a SW direction during flood tide and NE during ebb tide and 3 knots (neaps) and 5.5 knots (springs).
About 5 hours after high tide or low tide, the current flows in the directions of NW and SE respectively.
The quality of the bottom in Barra Norte is soft mud.
The Brazilian charts have a note about the tide in Barra Norte States water at Ponta do Ceu (Lat. 00° 46′ N, Long. 050° 06′ W). HW at Barra Norte is 3 hours 20 minutes before HW in Ponta do Ceu (this information is irregular and inconsistent).
During the day, the coastal region of the Barra Norte may be obscured by mist or haze, making it difficult to take visual bearings at night, especially in the early evening and at dawn. The radio beacon signal beams sometimes present deviation of up to 10°.
The Canal Grande do Curua (Curua Channel) is usually marked with pairs of lateral mark lightbuoys IALA B system.
The position and light characteristics of these buoys can eventually change due to the alterations in the soundings in the area. Notices to Mariners will provide up-to-date information about these alterations.
PROA – Itacoatiara to Tabatinga:  Compulsory between Itacoatiara, all waterways, port and terminals until Tabatinga. Only vessels navigating offshore of Itacoatiara, and not berthing at the port, are required to change Pilot. Rivers Acre, Branco, Ica, Japura, Jurua, Madeira, Negro and Purus shall be considered as an extension of the compulsory pilotage area.
Praticagem dos Rios Ocidentais da Amazonia Ltda. T: +55 (92) 3624 3649, 3624 5940 (pilot station). M: +55 (92) 9207 7813. F: +55 (92) 3624 2406. proa@proamanaus.com.br http://www.proamanaus.com.br
PRATIQUE:  Pratique charges must be paid by vessels at all Brazilian ports. Vessels must report ETA via Agent 24 hours in advance, confirming 12 hours before arrival. The message must report that sanitary conditions are satisfactory or otherwise and an indication of the number of passengers intending to disembark and/or in transit.
On arrival, the Port Health Authority will board and, further to the documents previously mentioned, will require to sight vaccination certificates.
Documents:  In order to grant free pratique, the authorities require the following:
  1. vessel details, including name, class and flag
  2. name of the port and country (or Brazilian State) where voyage began
  3. list of last 5 ports of call, including dates, countries and/or Brazilian States.
PRE-ARRIVAL INFORMATION:  Operators and Masters of Liberian flag vessels should consult Agents well in advance respecting requirements for endorsement of Seaman's Books or passports.
Also see Documents and Pratique
VHF:  Vessels in coastal regions shall maintain watch on VHF Channel 16.
VTS/RADAR:  Ship Reporting System (SISTRAM):  Compulsory for all vessels calling at Brazilian ports or passing through Brazil's territorial waters. It is voluntary for vessels other than Brazilian registered or calling at a Brazilian port when not within territorial waters. Working throughout 24 hours.
SISTRAM gathers navigational information from participating vessels, to improve SAR efforts within the Brazilian maritime area. It gives Comando do Controle Naval do Trafego Maritimo (COMCONTRAM) the ability to quickly activate shore logistics and divert nearby vessels to the scene providing faster response times, resulting in better safety of life at sea. Vessels should make their initial report via SISTRAM 4's website http://www.sistram.mar.mil.br
Participation begins when a vessel sends a Sailing Plan (Type 1 message) and ends when the vessel sends a Final Report (Type 4 message). Any non-participating vessel may join SISTRAM at any time, by sending a Type 1 message, and it may leave SISTRAM at any time by sending a Type 4 message. Line `X' should be completed in the Final Report including the reason for terminating participation.
COMCONTRAM:  T: +55 (21) 2104 6353. F: +55 (21) 2104 6341. controle@cotram.mar.mil.br http://www.comcontram.mar.mil.br
Limits:  SISTRAM coverage is within the area contained by the following coordinates:
  1. Lat. 04° 30′ N, Long. 051° 38′ W.
  2. Lat. 08° 35′ N, Long. 048° 00′ W.
  3. Lat. 10° 00′ N, Long. 048° 00′ W.
  4. Lat. 10° 00′ N, Long. 036° 00′ W.
  5. Lat. 07° 40′ N, Long. 035° 00′ W.
  6. Lat. 06° 22′ S, Long. 016° 00′ W.
  7. Lat. 06° 22′ S, Long. 010° 00′ W.
  8. Lat. 34° 00′ S, Long. 010° 00′ W.
  9. Lat. 34° 00′ S, Long. 048° 27′ W.
  10. Lat. 35° 48′ S, Long. 050° 10′ W.
  11. Lat. 34° 00′ S, Long. 053° 00′ W.
Messages:  Vessels to use the IMO Standard Ship Reporting System.
    Type 1 - Sailing Plan: 
  1. Report containing basic information required to estimate vessel’s position, should be sent:
    a) when vessel joins SISTRAM
    b) when departing from a Brazilian port
    c) when entering the Brazilian SAR area from other ports.
  2. Report consists of: A, B, G, I, L, V, M, X, Y.
  3. Report to be sent as early as possible, before entering the SAR area, or before departure from a Brazilian port. In port, it may be sent as a written document.
    Type 2 - Position Report: 
  1. Report confirms vessel has departed or if its position is correct as per the Sailing Plan, and should be sent within 24 hours of departing a Brazilian port.
  2. Report consists of: A, B, C, E, F, M, X, Y.
    Type 3 - Deviation Report: 
  1. Report provides information for necessary corrections to Sailing Plan, to be sent:
    a) whenever vessel's position deviates 25.0 n.m. or more from original track
    b) when destination port is changed
    c) when other changes occur resulting in changing of the Sailing Plan.
  2. Report consists of: A, I, L, M, X, Y.
    Type 4 - Final Report: 
  1. Report provides information which terminates the participation in SISTRAM. Accordingly, reports should be sent at least 1 hour before entering the destination port or when exiting from the Brazilian SAR area.
  2. Report consists of: A, K, X, Y.
Reporting Format:  Message items should be separated by a stroke (/), omitted items by a dash between two strokes (/-/), and end of message by a double stroke (//). System name (SISTRAM), Type of message and date-time group should precede every message.
Message Format: 
  • System Name (SISTRAM)/type of message (1, 2, 3 or 4)/date-time-month-year of transmission//
  • A/Vessel’s international call sign/vessel’s name/flag/type//
  • B/Date-time of departure//
  • C/Latitude/longitude//
  • E/Current course//
  • F/Estimated average speed//
  • G/Port of departure/latitude/longitude//
  • I/Port of destination/latitude/longitude//
  • K/Port of arrival or exit point/latitude/longitude/ETA//
  • L/Average speed/latitude/longitude/ETA//
  • M/Current coastal radio station/next coastal radio station//
  • V/On board medical resources//
  • X/Amplifying comments (up to 65 characters)//
  • Y/Comments//
Date-time:  All times to be expressed as a six-digit group giving date of month (first two digits), hours and minutes (last four digits). Only GMT (UTC) is to be used. Six digit date-time group is to be followed by Z. The remainder of the date-time group shall contain the first three letters of the month and the last two digits of the year: e.g. 201200ZNOV97
Type of Vessel:  Abbreviation to be used in reports should be selected:
Abbreviation Type of Vessel
TM General cargo  
TMO Tanker  
TMB Bulk carrier  
TMF Ferry  
TMT Tug  
TMC Container  
TME RoRo  
TMM Research  
PLAT Platform  
TMGB Ice-breaker  
TMK Cable layer  
TMH Heavy lift  
TMOS Special liquids  
FPSO Floating Production, Storage and Offloading  
OTR Other  
Lat./Long.:  Lat. 4 digit group expressed in degrees and minutes and suffixed with N or S. Long. 5 digit group expressed in degrees and minutes, and suffixed with E or W.
Route Information:  Information on the proposed route in line(s) ′L′ is expressed by at least 3 points. When a vessel enters the SAR area, express Lat. and Long. for the entrance point with date and time on the first ′L′ line. In a Type 3 message, the deviation route shall be expressed as the co–ordinates of the deviation point (if greater than 25.0 n.m., deviation from the planned route) and date time this point appears in the first ′L′ line.
On Board Medical Resources: 
Abbreviation Type of Vessel
MD Physician  
PA Physician's assistant or health supervisor  
NURSE Nurse  
NONE If no medical resources on board  
Optional Data Items:  Optional data items are useful, but not necessarily required to report. When making a report, express current course on line ′E′ in a 3 digit group, and the estimated average speed for the entire passage on line ′F′ in a 3 digit group in knots and 10ths of knots.
Lines X and Y:  Optional. Data that can be included in this line are items helpful to SISTRAM such as the estimated date time of next transmission, type of cargo, Inmarsat No. etc. Line ′Y′ can be used for any other type of communication at the discretion of the vessel.
Course Deviation Data Items:  8. Line 1 is used to specify changes in the Sailing Plan, e.g. I/SALVADOR/1258S/03831W/051800Z//. In this case the destination port was changed to Salvador.
Transmission of Message: 
  1. Participation is free of charge when reports are sent through RENEC (Brazilian Coastal Radio Stations Network). See ALRS Volume 1(2) (NP281(2)).
  2. The preferred and most effective means of sending reports to COMCONTRAM is via email to: controle@cotram.mar.mil.br
  3. Reports may also be sent via fax or telephone.
  4. For further details please contact Comando do Controle Naval do Trafego Marítimo (COMCONTRAM), at the following address:
    Edifício Almirante Tamandare - 6° andar
    Praca Barao de Ladario, S/N, Centro
    Rio de Janeiro - RJ - Brazil CEP: 20091-000.
TUGS:  Towage is compulsory for all Brazilian ports.
STEVEDORES:  Longshoremen are provided by the dock companies and paid for from the Port Charges. Stevedoring can be carried out either by Agents or by contract. In all cases the number of men per gang and their salaries are fixed by Sunaman (Merchant Shipping Superintendency in the Ministry of Transport).
The vessel is legally the employer of the labour and, as a result, the vessel is responsible for any damage to the cargo, ship or any third party, by the stevedores.
General Berthing Information:  A berthing priority in Brazilian Ports is given as follows:
  1. warships, Brazilian or foreign
  2. regular passenger liners for whom immediate berthing facilities are available if requested at least 24 hours in advance
  3. cargo vessels, for whom there are special installations, are given preferential berthing rights
  4. vessels with perishable cargoes are given priority berthing
  5. vessels that can load and discharge simultaneously can obtain preference over others.
As soon as cargo operations finish, all vessels must leave their berth, or be removed by the Port Authority.
BALLAST:  Ballast exchange shall as per national and MARPOL requirements, be conducted, at least 200 n.m. from the nearest shore and in waters of depth of at least 200 m., or alternatively minimum 50 n.m. from the coast and in at least 200 m. depth.
Ballast Water Changes:  Amazon River:  Vessels which will enter the Amazon River, proceeding from international navigation or a distinct fluvial basin, should perform two changes of the ballast water. The first should be carried out as per a standard ballast water exchange as per MARPOL requirements, when engaged in international navigation.
For coastal trade, change, at least once, the volume of the tank, even when the vessel uses the continuous flow method or the Brazilian dilution. A second change to reduce the salinity of the ballast water should be done on the stretch between depth soundings 20.0 m. and Macapa.
In the case of vessels volume less than or equal to 5,000 cu.m., the limit is the mouth of the Jari River. In this second change, it is necessary to pump only one volume of the tank, as per international navigation or coastal trade.
Para River:  Procedure identical to the Amazon River. Vessels making two changes, the first should be carried out as per a standard ballast water exchange as per MARPOL requirements, when engaged in international navigation.
For coastal trade, change, at least once, the volume of the tank.
A second change should take place at least 60 n.m. offshore and from Salinopolis up to Chapeu Virado Lighthouse (Mosqueiro), pumping at least once the volume of the tank.
Method for Second Change:  To be documented on a second form, which should be sent to the Agent, who will, in turn deliver to the Port Captain, upon arrival at the port/terminal in the Amazon basin. Additionally, the vessel should keep a copy on board for a period of at least two years, available for naval inspection.
For the first change, a document should be sent to the Agent at least 24 hours before arrival.
Documentary Requirements:  From 15 December 2006, Port State Control makes rigorous inspections of vessels, and if necessary issues fines ranging in the region from BRL1,000–100,000 if:
  1. vessels have not reported ballast
  2. form has been incorrectly completed
  3. vessels have falsified information on the ballast forms
Vessels which do not change their ballast water on either of the two areas above are also required to fill in the form which will be presented to the port captain.
Water Ballast Management Plan:  To be approved by vessel’s Classification Society.
Monitoring Ballast Waters:  Monitoring of the above provisions will be done through the inspection of the Ballast Management Plan and the Ballast Water Reporting Form. The ship must send a copy of the Ballast Water Reporting Form to the relevant agency 24 hours before the estimated time of arrival.
Monitoring may also include the collection and analysis of a ballast water sample.
Violations of these provisions will be sanctioned according to the national law, which may include warnings, fines, detention or prohibitions of the ship's entry into the port or terminal.
    The requirements of these provisions shall not apply to: 
  • the uptake or discharge of ballast water and sediments necessary for the purpose of ensuring the safety of the ship in an emergency situation or saving life at sea
  • the accidental discharge or ingress of ballast water and sediments resulting from damage to the ship or its equipment
  • the uptake and discharge of ballast water and sediments when being used for the purpose of avoiding or minimising pollution incidents from the ship
  • the discharge of ballast water and sediments from a ship at the same location where the whole of that ballast water and those sediments originated and provided that mixing with unmanaged ballast water and sediments from other areas has not occurred.
The following ships are exempt from these provisions: warships or ships owned or operated by an estate and employed in non-commercial voyages, ships with sealed ballast tanks not subject to discharge, maritime and port support vessels, ships whose design characteristics do not allow ballast exchange, and recreational and search and rescue vessels of less than 50 m. in length and with a maximum ballast capacity of 8 cu.m.
More detailed information can be obtained from secom@dpc.mar.mil.br
POLLUTION:  Very strict penalties are enforced, and fines are the same, however little pollution is caused. No dumping of any oil is permitted within 50 n.m. of the coast.
Garbage:  It is forbidden to dump any garbage in any harbour or river. In some ports garbage collection can be arranged.
FUEL:  A monopoly on supply is held by PETROBRAS, and owners' requirements must be made well in advance to the Petrobras offices in New York, London or Rio de Janeiro. Supplies are not plentiful and, in certain ports, only certain grades are available.
EMERGENCY RESPONSE CENTRE:  SISTRAM:  Brazil's Search and Rescue Co-ordination system. This system tracks all merchant vessels engaged in ocean, coastal and inland navigation within the Brazilian SAR area.
SISTRAM is compatible with the USCG's AMVER system and other systems throughout the world. The system allows quick identification of nearby vessels which may be capable of assisting a ship in distress. In addition, vessels participating in these systems can help render urgent medical assistance.
Participation by Brazilian and foreign vessels is mandatory. Radio communication is free of charge so long as reports are sent through ``RENEX'' (Brazilian Coastal Radio Stations Network). Vessels transmit standard type messages about their voyage plans. For further information go to website http://www.cotram.mar.mil.br
Also see VTS/Radar and Plan
SECURITY/GANGWAY:  Services of watchmen compulsory.
  1. GMT minus 2 hours in Atlantic islands.
  2. GMT minus 3 hours in the states of Amapa, E Para, Maranhao, Piaui, Ceara, Rio Grande do Norte, Paraiba, Pernambuco, Tocantins, Alagoas, Sergipe, Bahia, Goias, Distrito Federal, Minas Gerais, Espirito Santo, Rio de Janeiro, Sao Paulo, Parana, Santa Catarina, Rio Grande do Sul and W Para.
  3. GMT minus 4 hours in the states of Mato Grosso do Sul, Mato Grosso, Rondonia, Roraima, E Amazonas, W Amazonas and Acre.
  4. Daylight Saving Time from 3 rd Sunday in October to Saturday before 3 rd Sunday in February. DST is observed in the aforementioned states of Bahia, Goias, Distrito Federal, Minas Gerais, Espirito Santo, Rio de Janeiro, Sao Paulo, Parana, Santa Catarina, Rio Grande do Sul, Mato Grosso do Sul and Mato Grosso.
LOCAL HOLIDAYS:  1 January (New Year's Day, (Fraternidade Universal)); Carnival (47 days before easter); Good Friday; Easter; 21 April (Tiradentes (Independence Hero)); 1 May (Labour Day); 24 June (St. John); 7 September (Brazil's Independence Day); 12 October (Patroness of the Nation (Nossa Senhora Aparecida)); 2 November (All Souls Day); 15 November (Republic Day); 24 December (Christmas Eve); 25 December (Christmas Day); Nossa Senhora da Penha.
By order of the local Port Authorities it is requested that all ships in port must be dressed overall on the following national holidays: 7 September and 15 November.
Variable Dates:  Carnival (February or March); Good Friday, Easter (March or April); Corpus Christi (June or July).
REPATRIATION:  Crew members wishing to join a vessel must carry a Letter of Instruction for the Agent. They must be signed on within 48 hours of arrival.
For crew members joining from abroad it is advisable to be in possession of a two year multiple entry visa, as only US Consulates in Rio de Janeiro, Recife and Brasilia are authorised to issue visas.
All citizens of countries that are not compliant with ILO C108 (Seafarer’s Identification Document Convention 1958) or C185 (Seafarer’s Identification Document Convention 2003) will require a visa to enter Brazilian territory.
For crew already embarked on a vessel, shore leave is not permitted, subject to USD500 fine (doubled if repeat offence). For crew joining or leaving a vessel, visa will be required for transit between airport and ship. Noncompliance will result in same penalty as above and immediate deportation of offender.
For crew members of compliant nations, and noncompliant nations with visas, crew change is only permitted while vessel is alongside berth and not at anchor. In addition, no crew changes are allowed between midnight and 0700 hrs.
AGENT:  Wilson Sons Agencia Maritima Ltda, Avenida Ana Costa 291, CJ 92, Santos,  SP 11060-001, Brazil. Tel: +55 (13) 3211 2300. Fax: +55 (13) 3219 5250. Telex: 55(13) 1013 WSON BR. opest@wilsonsons.com.br http://www.wilsonsons.com.br